This issue of the Phoenix is printed in four columns only
THE CHOCTAW TREATY. A correspondent who has the best means of information, and in whose integrity we place the highest confidence, informs us that the late treaty with the Choctaws, in which they agree to sell their country and remove west of the Mississippi, was made in the most unjustifiable manner. The following statement, which was published in the Daily Advertiser of this city on Wednesday last, we have reason to believe is correct; and if it is correct, we sincerely hope, with the writer, that the Senate of the United States will refuse to ratify the treaty. It is a happy circumstance that no treaty can be ratified by that body without the consent of two-thirds of its members. The friends of the Choctaws, therefore, need not yet despair of seeing justice rendered to this much-injured race. N. Y. Observer.
It is understood, from a source which is deemed perfectly authentic, that the Secretary of War, in his late negotiations with the Choctaws, pursued the most arbitrary and unjustifiable course. The Indians, after many days spent upon the treaty-ground, came to a determination, that they would not sell their country and remove. This determination was generally acquiesced in; and many of them went home, expressing the highest satisfaction, that they were to remain in their country.
Maj. Eaton, finding that he was likely to accomplish nothing, called the chiefs and people together, and talked to them in a very sharp and overbearing style. He told them, that, unless they made a treaty, he would recall the United States' Agent living among them and thus all intercourse would be cut off between them and the government; that he would withdraw the blacksmiths' shops and other patronage, and leave them to themselves; that he would take from them their land west of the Mississippi, so that they would have no place, to which they could remove; and they must then come under the Laws of Mississippi.
All these things, which he said should be taken from them, are secured to them by former treaties. The poor Choctaws felt, therefore, that all former engagements were trampled in the dust: that they themselves were in the most abject condition; and that they must accept of such terms as should be given them. They signed a treaty, though in a state of the greatest despondency. The treaty thus imposed upon them stipulates, that they will remove in three years after the treaty is ratified. But it is to be hoped there is sufficient virtue and honor in the Senate of the United States, to render the ratification of such a treaty an impossibility. If not, we must prepare ourselves to suffer a disgrace more odious and intolerable than words can express.