This issue of the Phoenix is printed in four columns only.
THE CHOCTAWS. It is stated in an extra from the office of the Nashville Republican, that, after a session of 13 days, the Secretary of War and Gen Coffee had succeeded in concluding a treaty with the Choctaws. About 5,000 Indians were in attendance. The Treaty was signed on the 27th of September.
'It is said that according to its provisions, the Choctaws cede the country they occupy, and within three years are to remove beyond the Mississippi. Those who choose to remain, take reservations, and after residing upon them five years are to possess them in fee.' The country is to be at any time surveyed when the Government pleases, but no sale is to take place previous to removal; until then no person is to settle in the country.'
It is well known that the Choctaws have been extremely averse to removal, and that some of their leading men have said repeatedly, in substance, that if they do go, it will be because they cannot enjoy in their present residence the rights of a free and independent people. We trust, therefore, that when this treaty comes before the Senate, proper inquiry will be made respecting the means used to obtain it. We commenced our national existence with high professions of regard for the rights of man, and often has diplomatic intercourse with other nations been referred to with pride, as doing honor to our character by its fairness and plain-speaking. We stand before the world as a nation specially obligated to be honorable and just. The public and repeated pledges that we have given to the world, will increase at least the apparent heinousness of our crime, should we sanction a treaty obtained by misrepresentation. That the Choctaw Treaty has been thus obtained is probable from the feeling of the Choctaws, as mentioned above, and from the known views of the Secretary of War, who maintains that the Indian cannot be protected against the laws of a state, within the conventional limits of which they dwell. If, as we believe, this doctrine of the Secretary is false, and if, as is probable, he made use of it in order to obtain the treaty, then the treaty was obtained by misrepresentation and cannot be sanctioned without national dishonor. Jour. of Hum.