From the Standard of Union
The aspect of affairs in the Cherokee country, is assuming a character and complexion, demanding not only the vigilance of the government, but the sober consideration of every citizen who regards the sovereignty of the state of the rights of the people.
The state of Georgia, a few years since, acting upon her own constitutional sovereignty, determined to distribute that portion of her territory then occupied by the Cherokee Indians, and accordingly it was surveyed; thrown into the wheels of the lotteries--drawn out, and thereby became the property of individuals.
The opposition to this measure, both in and out of Georgia, and the various arguments brought forward to defeat it are very familiar to the writer, and may be spoken of more at large, 'at a more convenient season.'
The measure, however, met the public approbation by an overwhelming majority in the state, and was fully sustained by that gallant and patriotic old citizen, who sits at the head of our General Government.
Thus sustained in her policy, the state proceeded to organize the country, by laying out a number of counties, and a judicial circuit, and to appoint the proper officers of executing the laws of the State.
The counties have elected their officers, and sent their representatives to the Legislature, who have taken their full share in legislating for the state. A Judge of the superior courts was appointed, who has for more than a year, been exercising jurisdiction over the people by state authority, and who is sworn to execute the laws of the state, within its jurisdiction.
Thus organized, we had hoped that the handful of Cherokees who still lingered upon our soil, would either submit quietly to our laws, or accept the boon offered by the General Government, or removing to a country, far better suited to their habits and pursuits.
Of one thing at least, we felt confident; that however restless the Indians might be; whatever steps their counsellors might advise-whatever interest, Wirt, Webster, Freelinghuysen, Henry Clay, and the Supreme Court might take in the matter, the officers appointed by the state, and charged with the execution of her laws, would under no circumstances be instrumental in continuing old difficulties or raising up new ones; but in this we have been sadly disappointed by recent intelligence from that country.
A bill of injunction drawn up at the instance of Walter Adair and John T. Adair, charging that they are natives of the Cherokee Nation of Indians; and asserting the Cherokees to be an independent nation, has been sanctioned and served upon Wm. G. Springer, Esq. the state's agent for the purpose of restraining him from executing an important act of the last legislature whereby many good citizens who are entitled to grants for their lands, will be kept out of possession, and excluded from all the benefits intended by the act in question.
But the evil will not stop here. If the State's agent is to be arrested in the discharge of his duties because the Cherokees are a sovereign nation, every individual who has drawn or purchased land in that territory, may expect a similar process against himself in behalf of some sovereign Cherokee who may please to set up his claim.
It is time for the people to look to their interests-to vindicate their rights and stand by, and support those, who are willing to execute the laws.
The Judge may grant injunction,- he may make decrees,- he may send out attachments for contempts,--he may imprison our citizens.
If he can; but there is a spirit among the white men of Georgia, that will look down Judge Hooper and his Indian injunction; the Executive will do his duty and the people will sustain him. He will maintain their rights with firmness and independence-and they will stand by him with strength and spirit.