Cherokee Phoenix


Published March, 15, 1834

Page 3 Column 4a




Mr. Editor,- There is a great talk in our country at this time about Unionism, State Rights, and Nullification. This is something new to us Indians. The song formerly was, gold, and land for breakfast, land and gold for dinner, and gold and land for supper. But since the covetous, 'critters' have gotten possession of these alluring objects, they have introduced all their political squabbles amongst us. And were we all destitute of a knowledge of the English language it would be utterly impossible for us even to understand the sublime and profound mysteries of Georgia politics! Indeed, it is a very hard matter for those who understand the English language, to grasp their refinements. However, though it may be exceedingly difficult for the Cherokees to comprehend the theories of the above named isms, yet, when their Georgia advocates put them into practice, we are compelled, by sensible demonstrations, to understand them to perfection! Yes, we have been compelled, by a lawless guard, by chains, by imprisonment, by inhuman legislation, by robbery, and by death, to understand the meaning of Georgia 'Unionism'! They have appealed to all our senses--seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting, and feeling! And after having made so many sacrifices, and suffered so much to become acquainted with the thing, we, unfortunately, are not yet much enamored with its supereminent excellencies! And with a very great change in the practical part of the business, I fear our attachment will never be very warm. But when did this Union business commence? In 1827, if my memory serves me correctly, the Georgia legislature said, 'the land is ours, and we must and we will have it.' The 'Gineral' influenced by some motive or other, (perhaps the Major knows) joined the Union and took the lead. When South Carolina began to nullify he uttered his thunders, and said 'the Union must be preserved.' The Clarkers (with a few honorable exceptions) took the hint, and commenced the song of 'Union Union,' but, alas! though the tune was different, they continued to dance the same old jig! When any one not well skilled in the Union science, cries inconsistency! the matter is soon explained by a certain game called (by the Major) 'hocus pocus.' By this game it can be shown that, the 'Gineral's' submissionism in South Carolina, his Union nullificatioin in Georgia,and his Unionism in Alabama, are all one and the same thing? But this 'hocus pocus' business does not satisfy the Cherokees. So long as the Union tree bears such bad fruit in the south, we are compelled to believe, that there is either a toad in its heart or a worm in its root.

As to nullification and State rights, we know but little, because we have experienced but little of their effects as yet. But from what we have seen, and heard, and felt of their operations, we would judge they were not so terrible as Unionism. Nullification (modest creature) says, 'a part will do,' but Unionism (greedy dog) says 'All, All'-the whole hog!

From what has been said on these all absorbing topice, the following conclusions may be drawn:-

1. That Unionism in Georgia, is vastly different from what it is in other parts of the United States, and if we could only get things called by their correct names these hard times it would no doubt go by the name of Executive nullification, or Union nullification. For the most distinguishing characteristic of the Georgia Unionists is, their combination with the President to nullify the Constitution, laws and treaties of the United States ' to make his will and good pleasure 'the supreme law of the land!' In their tyrannical career the legislative and judicial departments of Government have been set aside, and the Executive department most wretchedly perverted. And yet they have the assurance to talk about the Union!

2. That nullification though terribly denounced by the President and his Union friends in the South, is an immaculate virgin compared with Georgia Unionism! It may be a dangerous extreme, and should of course be the last alternative. It is a wonderful instrument, and should only be used to bring tyrants to their senses. But it requires considerable muscular power to apply it successfully. If we only had the requisite force, it would be the very thing itself to apply to these Union fellows, who are taking our houses and farms from us, and dragging our people in chains to the West.


March 5th 1834.