Note: This edition of the Phoenix is printed in four columns only.
On our last page, we have inserted the letter of the Secretary of War to the Southern Indians. We need not say that the doctrines it inculcates are doctrines which from the very bottom of our souls we abhor. We are republicans, we believe that all men are born free and equal- and we cannot admit, that the citizens of any district in this country have a right to disfranchise and cruelly oppress 70,000 men, without provocation, and without the pretence of any other crime than the color of their skin.- We are Christians-we believe that God made of one blood all men that dwell upon the face of the earth, and we cannot consent to stigmatize as Utopian all efforts for the civilization and improvement of the Indian tribes.
In his second paragraph, the Secretary says that the Indians are bound to submit to the laws of the states; and in the same breath he tells them that they cannot live under these laws that it is idle to think of it, that every white man and every Indian knows that it is impossible. At the same time he tells them that the United States government are under no obligation to render them any aid in removing, that if such aid is rendered, it is mere mercy-uncovenanted mercy! Is it possible that the people of this country can hear with apathy such sentiments from the lips of one of the high officers of their government? Is this America-the boasted land of liberty-the asylum of the oppressed? --And are there in this land, 70,000 men who are bound to submit to laws which they had not voice in making and in which they cannot live! 70,000 men who can have no home but one which they must owe to the mercy of their brethren. And are these men (Oh! base ingratitude!) the only descendants- the last remnant of that race which welcomed our pilgrim fathers, and gave them a home for themselves and their children? Are the aborigines of America the only men on the continent who have no right to a quiet resting place within its limits? It cannot be that the American people will submit to see such principles, avowed and incorporated into the standing policy of their government! Religion--Consistency--Gratitude--will speak--they will be heard--they will triumph--they will triumph speedily and gloriously.
N. Y. Obs.