Cherokee Phoenix


Published May, 10, 1834

Page 2 Column 3b


From the National Banner.

The Creek Controversy- From the correspondence between Gov. Gayle of Alabama, and the Secretary of War, published by direction of the Governor in the Tuscaloosa Flag of the Union, of the 25th ultimo, it appears that the Creek controversy, as it has been called, may be considered as adjusted to the satisfaction of all parties. We have only room for the insertion of the following letter of Mr. Secretary Cass, it being the last letter of the correspondence:

Department of War.

March 12, 1834.

Sir:- I have had the honor to receive your letter of the 22d ultimo, and have submitted it to the President.

In answer, I beg leave to inform you that the additional troops, ordered last season into the state of Alabama have been withdrawn and nothing but the ordinary garrison at Fort Mitchel will remain in the Creek Country.

The President has read with great pleasure, the act of the Legislature of Alabama, which you have transmitted-and he will be much gratified if the enforcement of the stipulations of the Creek Treaty shall render it unnecessary for him to resort to the provisions of the act of 1807, which he has not the slightest wish to do, unless required by the obligations assumed by the United States in that treaty.

Very respectfully,

Your most ob't, serv't


His Excellency John Gayle, Governor of Alabama.


The Chickasaws- The following is an extract of a letter to the Editor of this paper, from a highly respectable gentleman, formerly of this State.- The facts stated in relation to the movements and wishes of the Indians are interesting; but the description of the country, brief as it is, will be read with most interest by those of our up-country citizens, who are desirous of procuring cotton plantations in Mississippi. The writer speaks from actual personal observation. His letter is dated:

Pontotoc, Chickasaw Nation, March 18, 1834.

Dear Sir:- Being a native of Tennessee, I feel a deep solicitude in the political era and change which is just about to dawn upon that State. You will, therefore please forward me your paper, commencing with the first number published in the present month.

The great National Council of the Chickasaws is just over, and the Delegation sets out today for Washington, for the purpose of endeavoring as it is understood, to affect and alteration in the treaty as it regards the manner of taking reservations. They now wish to take them in fee simple. My opinion is, however, that the treaty will stand as first made.

The surveying is progressing very rapidly, and I have but little doubt at this time, that about one hundred townships will be ready for sale as early as October next. A considerable part of this country is beautiful and delightful; the soil is fine, and the water good. There are already a great many respectable settlers here, and as soon as the lands are sold, I am sure the population will soon become dense.




In a letter from Mr. Lee, one of the Methodist Missionaries to the Flat-Head Indians, published in the Christian Advocate and Journal, he thus speaks of his prospects: -Southern Religions Telegraph.,

'We have made arrangements to cross the mountains with Capt. W. whose company will consist of about fifty. He expects to leave Liberty (which is about one hundred miles above St. Louis) in April. From St. Louis to the Flat Head Country are about one thousand five hundred miles. This journey is to be performed on horseback at the rate say twenty miles per day. And when this journey, from the shores of the Atlantic to the shores of the Pacific is accomplished, the most laborious part of our work is yet before us. It will still remain for us to transport ourselves nine hundred miles up the river to the place of destination.

'Our dependence for subsistence is almost exclusively upon the rifle, as it is impossible to carry provisions for such a journey on horseback.'

Most emphatically should his closing request sound in our ears, 'Brethren pray for us.'