From the New York Journal of Commerce.
Trouble in Alabama.- The accounts from Alabama are of the gloomy character. Coupled with the statement which we copy from the Washington Globe, they give reason to apprehend unpleasant results. If the letter from Alabama is to be relied on, Governor Gayle will attempt to arrest by force the United States' troops who killed Col. Hardemen Owens, a citizen of Alabama, together with the commanding officer at Fort Mitchell, Major McIntosh. In this case blood will probably be shed; the Major having positive (sic) declared that he will not be arrested, or permit any of his men to be.- This unhappy state of things is a natural consequence of the temporizing course pursued by the General Government towards Georgia, when the latter trampled on the treaties with the Cherokee Indians, which the Government at Washington was bound to sustain and enforce. Georgia found the advantage of bullying, and Alabama is disposed to try the same weapon. How it will succeed, time must determine. One thing is certain, viz: that the General Government, in defending the Indians from intrusion, according to the treaty, is fulfilling a solemn duty, and ought to be supported by every good citizen. And even if no such treaty existed, it would be fully authorized to remove the intruders, on the ground that the lands intruded upon belong to the United States, having been ceded to the General Government by the treaty above referred to. If because public lands lie within the limits of a state, they are therefore put out of the control of the General Government, and if that Government has no right even to protect its own territory, we may as well give up all such public lands at once, to the states in which they are situated. But this we shall not do. Neither shall we permit these lands to be wrested out of our hands by violence. If the governor of Alabama persists in the course he has adopted, we hope that Congress, which is about to convene, will extend the provisions of the Act of last session for the collection of the revenue, with such modifications as may be necessary, to and for the protection of the public lands. If the General Government is to be kicked about at pleasure by every state in the Union, we might as well have no Government. It can neither be respected at home nor abroad.