Cherokee Phoenix


Published April, 28, 1832

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The following Treaty has received the assent of the Senate, and having previously received the approbation of the President of the United States may be expected officially published in an early day. Having meanwhile obtained a copy of it (the injunction of secrecy upon it having been removed) we anticipate that publication. National Intel.



Made at the City of Washington between Lewis Cass, thereto specifically authorized by the President of the United Sates, and the Creek tribe of Indians.

ARTICLE 1. The Creek tribe of Indians cede to the United States all their lands east of Mississippi River.

ART. 2. The United States engage to survey the said land as soon as the same can be conveniently be done after the ratification of this treaty, and when the same is surveyed, to allow ninety principal Chief of the Creek tribe to select one section each, and every other head of a family to select one half section each, which tracts shall be reserved from sale for their use for the term of five years, unless sooner disposed of by them. A census of these persons shall be taken under the direction of the President, and the selections shall be made so as to include the improvements of each person within his selection, if the same can be so made; and if not, then all the persons belonging to the same town, entitled to selections, and who cannot make the same so as to include their improvements, shall take them in one body in a proper form. And twenty sections shall be selected, under the direction of the President, for the orphan children of the Creeks, and divided and retained or sold for their benefit, as the President may direct. Provided, however, that no selections of locations under this treaty, shall be so made as to include the agency reserve.

ART. 3. These tracts may be conveyed by the person selecting the same, to any other person for fair consideration, in such manner as the President may direct. The contract shall be certified by some person appointed for the purpose by the President, but shall not be valid till the President approves the same. A title shall be given by the United States on the completion of the payment.

ART. 4 At the end of five years, all the Creeks entitled to these selections, and desirous of remaining, shall receive patents therefor, in fee simple, from the United States.

ART. 5. All intruders upon the country hereby ceded shall be removed therefrom in the same manner as intruders may be removed by law from other public land until the country is surveyed, and the selections made; excepting, however, from this provision, those white persons who have not expelled Creeks from theirs. Such person may remain till their crops are gathered. After the country is surveyed, and the selections made, this article shall not operate upon that part of it not included in such selections. But intruders shall, in the manner before described, be removed from these selections for the term of five years from the ratification of this treaty, or until the same are conveyed to white persons.

ART.6. Twenty-nine sections, in addition to the foregoing, may be located, and patents for the same shall then issue to those persons, being Creeks, to whom the same may be assigned by the Creek tribe. But whenever the grantees of these tracts shall be so located as to include the improvements, and as near as may be in the center. And there shall also be granted by patent to Benjamin Marshall one section of land, to include his improvements on the Chattahoochy River, to be bounded for one mile in a direct line along the said river, and to run back for quantity. There shall also be granted to Joseph Bruner, a colored man, one half section of land, for his services as an interpreter.

ART. 7. All the locations authorized by this treaty with the exception of that to Benjamin Marshall shall be made in conformity with the lines of surveys; and the Creeks relinquish all claims for improvements.

ART 8. An additional annuity of twelve thousand dollars shall be paid for the term of fifteen years.--All the annuities due to the Creeks shall be paid in such manner as the tribe may direct.

ART.9. For the purpose of paying certain debts due by the Creeks and to relieve them in their present distressed condition, the sum of one hundred thousand dollars shall be paid to the Creek tribe, as soon as may be, after the ratification hereof, to be applied to the payment of their just debts, and then to their own relief, and to be distributed as they may direct, and which shall be in full consideration of all improvements.

ART. 10 The sum of sixteen thousand dollars shall be allowed as a compensation to the delegation sent to this place, and for the payment of their expenses, and of the claims against them.

ART. 11. The following claims shall be paid by the United States:

For the payment of certain judgments obtained against the chiefs, eight thousand five hundred and seventy dollars.

The three following annuities shall be paid for life: To Tuske-hew-haw-Cusetaw, two hundred dollars.

To the Blind Usher King, one hundred dollars.

To Neah Micco, one hundred dollars.

There shall be paid the sum of fifteen dollars to each person who has emigrated without expense to the United States, but the whole sum allowed under this provision shall not exceed fourteen hundred dollars.

There shall be divided among the persons who suffered in consequence of being prevented from emigrating, three thousand dollars.

The land hereby ceded shall remain as a fund from which all the foregoing payments, except those in the ninth and tenth articles shall be paid.

ART 12. The United States are desirous that the Creeks should remove to the country west of the Mississippi, and join their countrymen there, and for the purpose, it is agreed that as fast as the Creeks are prepared to emigrate, they shall be removed at the expense of the United States, and shall receive subsistence, while upon their journey, and for one year after their arrival at their new homes: Provided, however, that this article shall not be construed so as to compel any Creek Indian to emigrate, but they shall be free to go or stay, as they please.

ART 13. There shall also be given to each emigrating warrior a rifle, mould wiper ' ammunition ' to each family one blanket. Three thousand dollars, to be expended as the President may decree shall be allowed for the term of twenty years for teaching their children. As soon as half their people emigrate, one blacksmith shall be allowed them, and another when two thirds emigrate, together with a ton of iron and two hundred weight of steel annually for each blacksmith. These blacksmiths shall be supported for twenty years.

ART 14. The Creek country west of the Mississippi shall be solemnly guaranteed to the Creek Indians, nor shall any State or Territory ever have a right to pass laws for the government of such Indians but they shall be allowed to govern themselves; so far as may be compatible with the general jurisdiction which Congress may think proper to exercise over them. And the United States will also defend them from the unjust hostilities of other Indians, and will also as soon as boundaries of the Creek country west of the Mississippi are ascertained, cause a patent or grant to be executed to the Creek tribe, agreeably, to the third section of the act of Congress of May 2d, 1830, entitled 'An act to provide for an exchange of lands with the Indians residing in any of the States or Territories, and for their removal west of the Mississippi.'

ART.15. This treaty shall be obligatory on the contracting parties, as soon as the same shall be ratified by the United States.

In testimony whereof, the said Lewis Cass, and the undersigned Chiefs of the said Tribe, have hereunto set their hands, at the City of Washington, this 24th day of March, A.D. 1832.








In the presence of Samuel Bell, William R. King, John Tipton, William Wilkins, C. C. Clay, J. Speight, Samuel W. Mardis, J. C. Isaacks, Jno. Crowell, I.A.

Benjamin Marshall,

Thomas Carr, Interpreters.

John H. Brodnax