NEW ECHOTA. APRIL 21
A TREATY WITH THE CREEK INDIANS has, we understand, been concluded, lately at the City of Washington its provisions we have not yet learned; but report says; That each Creek Chief is to receive a reservation of 640 acres; also to each head of a gamily, not a Chief, is allowed a reservation of 320 acres-and he protected by the General Government for five years.
Georgia has commenced her survey of the Cherokee country notwithstanding the decision of the Supreme Court of the United States. Our Country is now overrun with surveyors, laying off the land into small sections about two hundred acres.--The gold region is to be laid off into lots of forty cres. These are we believe about ninety two districts of nine miles square; one company of surveyors is sent to each district, consequently there are not less than five hundred and fifty men employed in survey under the authority of Georgia, at this time. Five hundred and fifty men employed in surveying, marking trees, or otherwise, doing the thing which is expressly forbidden by the act of Congress of 1802-If the intercourse law, and the treaties were carried into effect, which the President is constitutionally bound to do, these men, who are now employed in surveying the land would meet with the just penalty of the law. -By the fifth section of the law above alluded to is enacted 'that if any citizen shall make a settlement on any lands belonging to or secured, or granted by treaty with the U. States, to any Indian tribe, or shall survey or attempt to survey such lands, or designate any of the boundaries or otherwise said offender shall forfeit a sum not exceeding $1,000 and suffer imprisonment not exceeding twelve months.' In the same section, the President is armed with full power 'to take such measures, and to employ such military force, as he shall judge necessary' to carry the law into execution.
It is surprising to see men of good and liberal feelings, ' who would no doubt feel highly indignant, were they charged with dishonest conduct towards an individual in his private capacity, deliberately invading the rights of thousands of their defenseless fellow beings, in open violation of law, in open contempt of the decision of the highest Court in their own country. Those of the surveyors we have seen, and had an interview with, appear to be men of respectability; one of them is a minister of the gospel.
'Remove not the old land mark; and enter not the field of the fatherless; for their redeemer is mighty. He shall plead their cause with thee.'
The Cherokee Case.- It is of immense importance, that this subject, as pregnant with great events, should be well and thoroughly understood, in its present aspect and attitude, by every citizen of the country.- This is especially necessary, because if there are any great evils which cannot be remedied, and dangers which cannot be averted, except by the right of suffrage, the people ought to know it, that they may avail themselves of their constitutional power, to rectify by ballot what they are unable to do by the mere expression of the public sentiment. That there is an overwhelming majority in favor of rescuing the Cherokees from the rapacity of Georgia, and of carrying into effect the opinions of the Supreme Court in the case, cannot for a moment be doubted. If it is true, and if the people can be made to understand, that these great objects will not be effected without a transfer of the Executive Power, the course which they would adopt is almost certain. The responsibility of developing the truth on this momentous subject, so that it may exert an influence sufficiently extensive upon the public mind, most evidently rests almost entirely upon the editors of our public Journals. We are extremely desirous to see more information disseminated, and to obtain more ourselves from the public press. We care not a little for the mere lamentations of woe and exclamations of astonishment. We are already grieved and amazed enough without them. We want, not the darkness of mourning, but light, more light, thrown upon the course of all who are concerned with this subject, that is, of all the people. Every man who carries a vote, may cast the die of a nation's destiny. It is notorious that the press is the political sun of the people. If that is involved in clouds, or sheds a false and flickering lustre, its conductors are responsible for the ruin that is likely to follow. It is generally felt that the fate of two nations hangs on the Cherokee case. Let the people, the author and master of civil power see in what way it may hang there safely.--American Spectator.