Cherokee Phoenix

From the New York Observer

Published January, 29, 1831

Page 2 Column 1b

From the New York Observer


A gentleman of our acquaintance in the fairness of whose statements entire confidence may be placed, writes us from the Choctaw country as follows:

'Had I time I would give you many particulars respecting the Choctaws, but must content myself with a few brief notices. The late treaty caused great dissatisfaction. Almost the entire population, with a few exceptions, were opposed to it. But care had been taken to secure the men of influence and these people cannot move without their leaders. Care has also been taken to prevent any general expression of the feelings of the people hostile to the treaty. In the mean time, the Choctaws have been brought to the conclusion, that they must either come under the laws of the state, or remove to the West. The former they find they cannot endure. All the claims, old and new, that can be brought against them,are put in suit. There is every reason to believe that some of these accounts are false, but the poor Indians have no remedy; as their oath, by the Constitution of the state, cannot be admitted. They are also unable, under the laws of the state, to prevent the free introduction of whiskey, which has already occasioned the loss of many lives.

These circumstances have led many who were opposed to the treaty, to conclude, that there is no alternative left, but destruction, or a removal to a new home.

Some of those who were sent to explore the country west of the Mississippi have returned. They have brought back a very flattering account of it. There can be no doubt but the Choctaws have a tract of good land, well watered, on Red River. It is believed by far the best of the country allotted to the Indians.

Those most favorable to the treaty ' who are to share most liberally of its provisions have been most industriously employed in putting the Indians in motion so that the treaty is likely to be executed in part, before it is ratified. Large numbers of the poorer class of the Choctaws are on their way to the land of Paradise, in the West. Happy will it be for them, if the cupidity and treachery of the white man does not again dispossess them.

I know not what the Senate will do in regard to the treaty. It is however, certain that many of the Choctaw will go, whether the treaty is ratified or not.'