Cherokee Phoenix

This issue of the Cherokee Phoenix is published in 4 columns only

Published November, 13, 1830

Page 2 Column 3b-4b

This issue of the Cherokee Phoenix is published in 4 columns only


Indian Cession of Lead Mines in 1829. We have been favored by Lucius Lyon, Esq United States' Civil Engineer, with an account of the boundary line surveyed by him the last summer, of the country purchased in 1829, of the Winnebagoes, Chippeways, Pottawatomics, and Ottaways, at Prairie du Chien.

'The boundary line between the ceded and unceded lands, commences near Grosse Point, on Lake Michigan, about 12 miles north of Chicago, and runs thence, due west 84 miles to Rock River; thence up Rock River 41 miles, to the mouth of the Peek-a-tan-oke, up the Peek-a-tan-oke 7 miles to the mouth of Sugar Creek; up Sugar Creek 63 miles, to the road leading from the Blue Mound to Fort Winnebago, by the most northerly of the Four Lakes; thence, along that road 41 miles to Deek Creek, 4 miles from the fort; and thence, north 37 deg. east 21 miles, in a direct line to the most southerly bend of Lake Puck-away, through which Fox River or Green Bay passes. The boundary of the purchase runs from Lake Puckaway up Fox River to Portage, thence across to the Ouisconsin, and down that river to the Mississippi. The length of the Portage, from the landing on Fox River to the landing on the Ouisconsin, is one mile and 150 rods. This fixes with certainty several points that have been variously laid down on maps. Fort Winnebago, for example, at the Portage of the Fox and Ouisconsin rivers, is an important point, and is found to be distant from Chicago 142 miles, in very nearly a northwesterly direction, and 45 miles from the Blue Mound, in a northwesterly direction.

'The country is the neighborhood of the boundary surveyed and to the south and west of it, is almost universally of that description usually dominated upon except between Lake Michigan and Rock River, where there is so small a portion of woodland, that it may more properly be called a prairie country. The prairies are covered with grass and a great variety of wild flowers, constantly succeeding each other with the change of the seasons. The timber of the woodland is principally burr, black and white oak- the first species however, predominates. The surface of the country is rolling, and in some places hilly, but there are no mountains. All the principal streams seem to have worn their beds considerably into the calcareous sand rock from Lake Michigan to the Mississippi, and contains the great deposits of led ore from which about forty million pounds of lead have been made since 1825, while at the mines in Missouri, once thought to be the greatest in America, only about eight millions have been made in the same time. How far this lead formation extends southward, in Illinois, is not known; to the north it extends beyond the Ouisconsin; and all, or nearly all, the lead now manufactured at the mines on Upper Mississippi comes from this territory. The population of the mining district in 1823, was estimated at ten thousand; it is not so great now, yet the quantity of lead manufactured in the three first quarters of the present, exceeds that made in a corresponding time in any former year.' Detroit Journal