Cherokee Phoenix


Published May, 8, 1830

Page 4 Column 4a


CREEK NATION, 20th April, 1830


Our Father- We the chiefs and head men of the Creek Nation, in Council convened, inform you that they sent a delegation to Washington City, and they have returned. Our agent was there and heard their talk to you. On the return of the delegation, the Chiefs of the Nation were assembled, and a deputation appointed to address you another letter, begging to be protected in the land they now inhabit. Our Great Father has known for some time that we do not wish to emigrate west of the Mississippi. Some of our people have gone, but we do not wish to go, but wish to be protected by our great father on our land. While the delegation was at Washington, they were informed that some confusion had arisen among the Chiefs of the Nation, and when the delegation returned they found it to be the case. The agent has long since known that the Upper Towns wanted Neothlocco Hopey or Little Doctor to be their head man, and they have broken Tuskina and appointed him in his place. This is all the talk we have at present, but when our agent returns we will get him to write you again on some business.- The Secretary of War sent us a letter by B. Hawkins and Rolly McIntosh while we were in council, advising us to emigrate, but we say to him as we have said before, that we do not wish to leave our country, Neo Micco and Neothlocco Hopey were present at the council, when the above talk was given, and the deputation appointed to represent the Nation.

g_ed, Little Doctor,

Neo Micco


Ochache Emarla

John Steedham

Hahalau Hajo

Efkeemarlla Hajo

Billy Barnard


Hopoeth Micco

Tuske Martla

Witness, N. F. Collins

Daniel B. Asbury,

Clerk, Creek Nation.


Alabama-- The Grand Jury of Pike County at the late Spring Term of the Circuit Court, have presented 'Philip Wager, a Brevet Major in the service of the United States, and now stationed at Fort Mitchell, for having issued a proclamation, ordering all white persons, not having permits or Indian wives, within the space of 15 days, to leave the country, once known as the Creek Indian Nation, by which fear and confusion among the white settlers have been created, operating materially to their injury and against the welfare of the county of Pike; the Grand Jury present also, 'that there is no law to authorize the said Philip Wager issuing this proclamation, that the legislature of Alabama, by an act passed in the year 1829, incorporated the Creek Indians among the citizens of the State, and annexed their alleged territory to different counties in the State; that the State of Alabama, as a sovereign state, has alone the right to interfere with any white citizen who may be settled in any part of the country; that the said Philip Wager, and the soldiers under his command, are, themselves, while they remain in the said country, once known as the Creek Indian Nation, citizens of the state, and owe exclusive allegiance to it; and that the said proclamation is against the laws, the peace and dignity of the State of Alabama.