Cherokee Phoenix

INDIANS: In the York Advocate U. Canada, we find the evidence of a Rev. Mr. Ryerson before the parli

Published December, 23, 1829

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INDIANS: In the York Advocate U. Canada, we find the evidence of a Rev. Mr. Ryerson before the parliament of the province, on the subject of an Indian petition, which is curious for the account it gives of the Misissagua Indians on a Tract of land called the credit, probably on the Misissagua or Mississaque. Their number is about two hundred and thirty; settled in a little village, and increasing by the addition of savages from the woods, who are attracted by the obvious comfort and quiet of their mode of life. They reside on a tract of land situated on the river, three miles and a half in length and two miles wide. They live in cottages divided into two apartments, with a garret, and sometimes with the addition of a kitchen. In them are chairs, tables,bedsteads, beds with curtains, and the kitchen utensils common among the whites. There is a garden of half an acre allotted to each house in some instances they have private enclosures of from two to four acres, and the village cultivates a field of sixty acres in common. They raise corn, potatoes, some wheat and abundance of garden vegetables. According to the report of Mr. Ryerson, they live together in great sociality and harmony, are kinder to each other than whites and civil and hospitable to strangers. They are sober too-ardent spirits by a solemn agreement are not permitted to be drunk in the village; and he who offends against this rule is looked upon as having violated the agreement,and is expelled from the village. There are two schools, one for males and the other for the females, with fifty children in each. They are taught reading, writing and arithmetic,and out of school the children instruct the adults to read. Thus they are daily improving in civilization. The object of the petition is to secure them from the intrusion of the whites, who fish in their streams,and endeavor to teach the young Indians to swear, drink whiskey, profane the Lord;s day and similar accomplishments.- Columbian Reg.