(The following title is not included in the original)
(From the National Intelligencer.PRESENT CRISIS IN THE CONDITION OF THE AMERICAN INDIANS.)
THIRD TREATY OF TELLICO, OR EIGHTH COMPACT WITH THE CHEROKEES.
This treaty was executed Oct. 25, 1805, by two commissioners of the United States, and thirty-three Cherokee Chiefs and Warriors, in the presence of ten witnesses.
'Art. 1. Former treaties recognized and continued in force.
Art. 2. 'The Cherokees quit claim and cede to the United States all the land which they [The Cherokees] have heretofore claimed, lying to the North of the following boundary line; [The lands here ceded were of considerable value, and fell into the State of Tennessee, extending East and West near the central of that State.]
Art. 3 'In consideration of the above cession and relinquishment, the United States agree to pay immediately $14,000, and #$3,000 a year in addition to previous annuities.
Art. 4a. The citizens of the United States to have the free ' unmolested use of two roads in addition to those previously established, one leading from Tennessee to Georgia, and the other from Tennessee to the settlements on the Tombigbee. These roads to be marked out by men appointed on each side for the purpose.
Art. 5. This treaty to take effect, 'as soon as it is ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of the same.'
The treaty was ratified by President Jefferson and the Senate. It will be observed, that the first article contains and express recognition of previous treaties, and pledges the faith of the United States anew for the fulfillment of these treaties.
Several documents of this kind remain to be considered; but I pledge myself to you, Messrs. Editors, and to your readers, that I will be as brief as possible, consistently with fidelity to the cause. This is a serious matter to the Indians and to the People of the United States. It is a matter which must be decided by the great body of the People, through their representatives in Congress.- The people must therefore have the means of understanding it.