Cherokee Phoenix


Published August, 12, 1829

Page 2 Column 4b


The Columbus Enquirer, received by last night's mail, furnishes us with the following important intelligence from our Indian frontier. In addition to what is given below, the Enquirer states, that Col. Crowell, the Agent, notwithstanding he had written to the War Department on the subject, had neglected to apprise our State Executive of the hostile attitude which the Indians are assuming. We would hope that the Enquirer is misinformed in this particular, as we should regret to learn that Col. Crowell had so far forgot his feelings as a man, and his duty as an Agent. The information, however, we farther learn from the Enquirer, was communicated to Governor Forsyth by Col. U. Lewis of Columbus.

We deeply lament the rash and mad policy which appears from the above intelligence to actuate the Councils of the Creeks and Cherokees. If they persist in it, their utter annihilation will be the consequence.---Augusta Chronicle.



Much alarm has been excited in this place by some recent movements of a hostile character among the Indians. Several secret Councils have been held in the Creek Nation, with a view,it is believed, of concerting warlike operations against the Frontier Settlements. In consequence of the general apprehension of danger, some of our citizens on Wednesday last visited the Creek Agent at Fort Mitchell, for the purpose of obtaining whatever information he might possess in relation to the anticipated difficulties. The following is furnished as by one of the gentlemen who held the conversation with him.

:The agent stated that there had been several secret councils held by the chiefs; that he had been informed by several Indians, that they,the Indians,in these councils, had resolved to stay and die upon their soil; that they had also resolved to kill him, the agent,and wage a war of extermination upon the frontiers , and assassinate every white west of the Flint River, when troops should be sent to fight them they would retire to the swamps and die to a man fighting for the soil of their fathers. The agent, not putting sufficient confidence in these reports, felt no alarm, until an old, respectable chief, in whom he had always put the utmost confidence, and who had always manifested for him the greatest friendship, came to him and told him in confidence that the report was true, and that he himself was a member of the secret council which passed the aforesaid resolution, and that he voted for it, but that he had so great friendship for him, the agent, that he could not reconcile it to his conscience so far to violate his faith as to see him sacrificed without apprising him of his danger

Thus much having heretofore become public,no injury can accrue from the repetition of it; but some other communication which the chief made to the agent, for prudential reasons perhaps had best not be mad too public, as they appertain to the safety of the agent. The chief also stated that deputations had been sent to the Cherokees, the Choctaws and Seminoles, to solicit their concurrence in sentiment and action with them, the Creeks, but that none but the Cherokees had been heard from, and that they concurred; that Ross, the President, was preparing a talk for his nation, advising them never to give up their land, but to kill every white man who crossed the line.'

By the same mail that brought to us the foregoing 'important intelligence,' we received the following letter from Colonel Crowell:

CREEK AGENCY, July 23d, 1829.

Dear Sir- A paper published in Columbus, Geo. has a publication on the subject of Indian hostilities, in which the Cherokees are implicated; this statement is given as coming from me. The object of this communication is to ask of you the favor should that article met our eye, ' should you give it a place in your paper, to state that you are authorized by me to say that the statement is entirely incorrect, and that no such expression ever escaped me on the subject of the determination of the Cherokees. It is due to the public as well as to the authorities of the Cherokees, that I should correct the errors, which are in that publication, at least so far as I am concerned.

I have the honor to be our ob't serv't.

JNO. CROWELL, Agt. for I. A.

The Editor of the Cherokee Phoenix, Echota.

We hope the communication of Col. Crowell will be considered sufficient to clear the Cherokees of the base and false charge, attempted to be palmed on the credulity of the public. If anything more is necessary, we would declare the above 'important intelligence' utterly unfounded as regards the Cherokees, and intended to prejudice the public against the Indians, and, by criminal means, bring them to some desired collision with the whites.- We are confident many Georgians would not lament to see the Cherokees and Creeks resorting to 'rash and mad policy,' nor shed a tear to witness their 'utter annihilation.' Some plausible pretext thus to annihilate the aborigines of this country is earnestly desired by the authors of falsehoods and misrepresentations which are continually pouring forth to our injury. We will here assure the public that the authorities of this nation will pursue the same course of prudence and forbearance, which, be it said in their favor, they have uniformly observed. If they are to be 'annihilated' we believe it will not be in consequence of a 'rash and mad polity' on their part, but in consequence of repeated insults and oppression, which they are now receiving from their persecuting neighbors.