For the Cherokee Phoenix
WILLSTOWN, 12th Feb; 1829
Mr. Editor.- Agreeably to Mr. Lowrey's instructions, I herewith transmit for publication an extract of his letter to the United States' Agent, and also a copy of the Agent's reply thereto, in both languages, for the information of our fellow citizens of the Cherokee Nation; particularly those on the frontiers of Georgia, whose rights have been unwarrantably invaded. From the letter of the Agent, they will learn, that measures have been taken to ensure their relief, and that justice will be rendered to them.-
2d. Feb. 1829
COL. HUGH MONTGOMERY,
Agent Indian affairs C. Nation.
Sir: - I hasten to acquaint you with the information I have today received from a source not to be questioned, that a considerable number of the citizens of the United States on the frontiers of Georgia, have crossed over the national boundary line, and have entered the Cherokee Nation: that they are actually settling themselves on the same, among other objects, to annoy our citizens at their peaceful habitations ' to deprive them of rights and privileges secured and guarantied to them in the most solemn manner by the United States Government.
Of course, you will without delay take measures to have intruders ordered out of the nation agreeably to existing treaties (the supreme law of the land) between the General Government and the Cherokee Nation.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient serv't.
7th Feb. 1829.
Mr. Geo. Lowrey,
Sirs. I have just received your letter of the 2d. inst. I have previously been informed of the trespasses committed and committing on the Georgia frontier, and have sent on the Sub-agent (whose duty it is made by the Secretary of War to keep the Indians lands clear of intrusions) to warn them all individually off- and have also instructed him in the event that they, or any of them , do no go, to go and take warrants for them, and have them bound to appear at the General court or sent to jail.
I have in the meantime enclosed to the Secretary of War, a letter received from William Rogers on the Chattahoochee, on the subject and apprized the department, that I fear they cannot be kept off, without a military force kept there, which I hope will be granted.
Be assured, Sir, that nothing shall be wanting on my part to put and keep all trespassers off the Cherokee lands.
Respectfully. Your obt. serv't.
If the spirit exhibited in the following letter should become general and predominate in the hearts of the members of the national and state Legislatures; we should expect something good for the Indians.
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, ALA.
CAHABE, Dec. 18th 1824.
Dear Sir.- I transmit to you through the hand of my friend General Dale a Digest of our laws. This contains the laws of Alabama from the commencement of its Territorial government until the year 1823.- also the Declaration of our national independence, the Constitution of the United States and of the State of Alabama. I also send you a copy of the laws passed at the last session (1823-4). It is my desire that these should be received by you for the use of the public authorities of your nation.
I will be very happy to receive your laws; and to continue an interchange of such laws as may be enacted by our respective governments, should such interchange meet your approbation. Such offices of good fellowship between neighbouring (sic) people must contribute to mutual satisfaction and improvement.
In making this communication I am influenced by a sincere good wish for the happiness and prosperity of your people, and for their continued advances in civilized life. In travelling through your country nearly two years ago, I was much pleased with the sight of a pamphlet of your laws. This was a specimen of your progress in improved government which in my opinion reflected credit on the rulers of your people.
In sending you our laws, I by no means expect that they will all be of any use to you. Very few of them would suit your condition. Indeed many of them are unsuited to our own situation. They are generally too long, and many of them, especially those relating to the conducting of suits and courts, are too complicated, for ourselves or any other people.- They grew out of old fashioned formalities used by our European ancestors, and should be done away. The perfection of laws is, to be short, plain, and well executed. Pleading in courts should require no other form than to let both parties know distinctly what is alleged, that a fair trial may be had. I trust there are many things in our system of government and laws that will suit your people at some future day.
I will very happy to hear from you. Be assured of my good wishes.
Your most Obt.
John Ross esq.
P. S. I also send the minutes of our Bible society. Should this institution be able to render you any advantage, I would be happy to know it.