Cherokee Phoenix


Published September, 3, 1828

Page 2 Column 3 and 4




Question 9. 'What numerals are used by the Tsalagi, give the names of number to 10,in letters, ' the ciphers? Do they count decimally or how?'

For the answer to this question I must refer Professor R. in part to the table of numbers contained in the second number or your paper, which I presume he has received. By examining that table he will perceive that the Cherokees count by tens, hundreds, and thousands. Their number terms are simple as far as ten. Thence to nineteen they add to one, two, 'c., the syllable s, tu, with a variation of the simple term for the sake of euphony. Twenty, thirsty, 'c to 90 are formed by the combination of two, three, 'c. with ten. Above twenty to twenty-nine they add the termination (Cherokee symbols) to the simple terms one, two 'c. Above thirty-nine they add to the same simple terms the termination (Cherokee symbols) Ga-li, and the same above forty to forty-nine, ' so on to ninety-nine, prefixing, however, in every instance above thirty-nine, the decimal number. The term denoting one hundred is formed by adding (Cherokee symbols) a-sko-hi ten, the syllables (Cherokee symbols) tsu-qui; and each decimal number between one and two hundred by adding the same termination to (Cherokee symbol) sa-du eleven 'c. thus (Cherokee symbol)eleven, (Cherokee symbol)one hundred and ten; wws ta la du, twelve, (Cherokee symbol) one hundred and twenty. Any number of hundreds less than ten is formed by adding the termination (Cherokee symbol) to the simple numbers two, three 'c. to nine; thus (Cherokee symbol) ta-li two, (Cherokee symbol) two hundred. Between thousands any number of hundreds may be expressed either by eleven, twelve, 'c. followed by (Cherokee symbol) i-ya-tsu-qui, as (Cherokee symbols) eleven hundred, or by adding to the number of thousands the excess of hundreds. In the later case they add the term (Cherokee symbols) wi-du-na-tlv-di, which denotes addition; thus (Cherokee symbols) a-ga-yv-li ta-li-tsu-qui wi-du-na-tlv-di, one thousand and two hundred. (Cherokee symbols) signifies a thousand, (Cherokee symbols) ta-li-iii-ya-ga-yv-li two thousand 'c. They have also a term for million, which is (Cherokee symbols)a-ga-yv-li-ya, a real thousand, by[sic] it is not universally known, and (Cherokee symbols) a thousand thousand is better understood.

Question 10. 'I send you a short vocabulary of the Language spoken by Apalachi, Timuaca or Yamasi in 1640; please to compare the words with the Tsalagi, and point out those which have a resemblance, or give the corresponding Tsalagi words.'

Ans. There are no words in the vocabulary which bear any resemblance at all to the corresponding Cherokee words. I however annex the vocabulary, with the Cherokee words in a parallel column.

English Apalachi Cherokee

Man viro, cara, hua [1] Cherokee symbols A-ska-ya

woman nia Cherokee symbols a-ge-hyv

father iti [2] Cherokee symbols e-do-da

mother isa Cherokee symbols e-tsi

child chirico, kie, ule Cherokee symbols a-que-tsi

brother niha,hiasa [3] Cherokee symbols v-gi-ni-li

Cherokee symbols v-gi-nv-tli

Cherokee symbols v-gi-do

sister yachamiso Cherokee symbols v-gi-do

do. amita Cherokee symbols v-gi-lv

do. yachamina

river achi Cherokee symbols e-quo-ni

king cusi, cuhe Cherokee symbols u-gv-wi-yu-hi

queen qui

emperor paracusi Cherokee symbols u-gv-wi-yu-hi

earth gua,aga Cherokee symbols e-lo-hi

great ma, mi Cherokee symbols e-qua [large]

holy hari Cherokee symbols ga-lv-quo-di

priest iaohua [4] Cherokee symbols a-do-ni-ski

fine hitana Cherokee symbols u-wo-du [pretty]

valiant hiba [5] Cherokee symbols


Cherokee symbols u-ska-se-di

1 one minecota Cherokee symbols sa-quo

2 two naincha Cherokee symbols ta-li

3 three nahapu Cherokee symbols tso-i

fish baza wasa Cherokee symbols a-tsa-di

yes haha Cherokee symbols v-v

maize hazez naarimi Cherokee symbols se-lu

mountain aimi Cherokee symbols o-da-li

house maste, bohio Cherokee symbols a-da-ne-lv

Cherokee symbols ga-li-tso-de

God Yao, Que,Tec, Io [6] Cherokee symbols


Cherokee symbols

ga-lv-la-ti e-hi

spirits inama teka [7] Cherokee symbols

u-tse-lv- nv-hi

Cherokee symbols na-ye-hi

Cherokee symbols a-da-nv-to

city meli Cherokee symbols ga-du-hv

council ilo Cherokee symbols de-ga-la-wi-v

sum ol,huga,tona Cherokee symbols nv-to

bird tsuli Cherokee symbols tse-squa

lake tseo Cherokee symbols v-da-l-i

gold sierapira,silahila [8] Cherokee symbols

da-lo-ni-ge a-te-lv

my na [9] Cherokee symbols


thine ye Cherokee symbols tsa-tse-li

his, her mima Cherokee symbols u-tse-li

our mile [10] Cherokee symbols


Cherokee symbols


Cherokee symbols


Cherokee symbols


your yaya Cherokee symbols tsa-tse-li

their lama Cherokee symbols u-na-tse-li


[1] In distinction from woman. The general name of the human species if (Cherokee symbol) yv-wi.

[2] (Cherokee Symbols) my father, (Cherokee symbols) tsa-do-da thy father, (Cherokee symbols) u-do-da his father 'c.- so (Cherokee symbols) my mother, (Cherokee symbols) tsi-tsi, thy mother, (Cherokee symbols) my child 'c. The nouns of relationship are inseparable from the possessive pronouns.

[3] (Cherokee symbols) my elder brother. (Cherokee symbols) my younger brother. These two are used only by men. (Cherokee symbols) my brother used by a woman. (Cherokee symbols) my sister used by a man. (Cherokee symbols) my sister used by a woman.

[4] (Cherokee symbols) signifies a conjurer. Conjurers seem to have acted the part of priests more nearly than any other class of persons. In translating scripture (Cherokee symbols) a-tsi-lv ge-lo-ho, fire feeder, is used. The Cherokees formerly offered sacrifices by throwing pieces of meat 'c. into the fire, and this was called feeding the fire.

[5](Cherokee symbols) who makes himself a man. (Cherokee symbols) literally signifies dreadful, but is the term most commonly applied to a valiant warrior.

[6] (Cherokee symbols) the Creator. (Cherokee symbols) he who dwells above. These are their only names for God. They never call him the Great Spirit, as it has been erroneously supposed that all Indians do.

[7] (Cherokee symbols) is a little troublesome imaginary supernatural being, which sometimes drives or rides persons about through marshes and briar-patches by night, and otherwise torments them. Jack with a lantern goes by the same name, and perhaps deserves the credit of giving rise to the fable. (Cherokee symbols) denotes a superior order of beings. (Cherokee symbols) the soul, the spirit.

[8] Yellow metal. (Cherokee symbols) denotes either of the precious metals, but usually silver, or money, unless accompanied with (Cherokee symbols) yellow.

[9] (Cherokee symbols) my one thing. (Cherokee symbols) my more than one thing. (Cherokee symbols) thy one thing. (Cherokee symbols) thy more than one. (Cherokee symbols) his one thing. (Cherokee symbols) his more than one.

[10] (Cherokee symbols) belonging to thee and me; (Cherokee symbols) belonging to him and me (Cherokee symbols) to you and me; (Cherokee symbols) to them and me. (Cherokee symbols) of you two (Cherokee symbols) belonging to you,

more than two. These have also a plural form, as (Cherokee symbols) our [of thee and me] more than one things 'c.