Cherokee Phoenix


Published August, 13, 1828

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Wednesday, August 13, 1828

A Methodist Camp meeting will be held at Oougillogy, commencing the first Friday of next month.


We understand that last Thursday, Mr. Wesley Jones, while on his way home from Pine log, was bitten by a rattle snake, and died the same day. He had been to a blacksmith shop-while there his horse left him, and he was obliged to walk, which occasioned his early death. As there was not a house very near, he was deprived of a speedy remedy. A Cherokee came to him, when he was unable to go any further, but the poison had made rapid progress, for he died soon after, while his friend was absent to procure medicine and assistance. Mr. Jones was a white man, with a Cherokee family.


There is a report, that the Arkansas Cherokee Delegation, in entering into the late treaty at Washington, acted contrary to the wishes and instruction of their Countrymen, and that they have made themselves liable to severe punishment. From circumstances which have transpired since the return of the Delegation from Washington, we have been some what inclined to believe it, though we should like to hear more on this subject, before we give full credit. Above all things, we should hate to witness another Creek tragedy acted over.


MR. EDITOR:- I here enclose you a letter from a Friend. If you consider it worthy of insertion in the columns of your paper, you will confer a favor on a subscriber._______________


July 12th 1828.

DEAR FRIEND: Your letter came safely to hand ' I must beg leave to acknowledge the reception of the bundle of newspapers which you were pleased to send me, in which I was gratified to see many inteligent [sic] and highly honourable [sic] communications made by those, who (as Mr. Mitchell of this State so very unjustly observes) 'groan in chains of Iron bondage.'- This observation is one among the many surprising flights of his unbridled imagination; but we could scarcely expect more from such a hugh unshapely mass of self conceit.

The progress of the Cherokees towards civilization have surprised those theorist [sic] who have long endeavoured [sic] to hold out the idea, that it was impossible to tame the sturdy son of the forest, whose greatest boast is in the possession of that glorious blessing, Liberty.

Liberty is the greatest Boast of an American. It is his shield and armour [sic] at home, for it protects his life from assassins, and his property from hungry and greedy wolves of his own species. It is his greatest pride when abroad, for it is an inexhaustible theme, and a source of unbounded pleasure in comparing his condition to the abject spirits that surround him in a foreign land.

Yet I am sorry that there are some low grovling [sic] spirits in our country who, whilst they always have in their mouths a word, the sound of which would heal the wounds of those who are groaning in despotic chains, are using their powers to drive from their homes, those whose hard exertions have procured for themselves a habitation, on the land which their forefathers possessed and hunted the deer, long before a white man stained with his feet the rich ' luxuriant vallies [sic] of America. But I scarcely think that the American people will degenerate from those truly honorable principles of 'doing as you would be done by,' 'giving unto each man his due,' 'and that any property in the possession of one shall not be given to another unless by a fair and impartial investigation of right by the laws of his country, and the adjudication of twelve good and honest men, or the decision of our chiefs that is agreeable to 'equity and good conscience.' I cannot think such a derogation can ever be made by them from such long and established rules, that have been their guide ' directors ever since they have been a free ' independent people. Would it not be departing from those rules to dispos- [sic] those of their rights, that are as completely in our power, as ever the mouse was under the tremendous power of the Lion, who with one crush of his powerful foot could have deprived of existence, a small and to him, a harmless animal. Such is the present condition of the Indians within the U. States. But as the proud and lofty soul of the Lion disdained to stain his paw with the blood of an innocent mouse; so I hope will be the determination of the American Government, especially towards the Cherokees, whose progress towards civilization would lead us to expect, as a grateful return if ever an opportunity offered, an act, as did the mouse when he found the Lion entangled in the net placed for his destruction, gnawing the cord into pieces and setting his former preserver at Liberty.

At all events, the Cherokees have my warmest wishes for their prosperity and welfare, and I look forward to the time when all the blessing that attend social intercourse and friendly feelings between man and man shall exist between the American Government and their Red Brothers; when every barrier shall be torn down, ,and we shall see school, academies, colleges; springing up in your country and sons of Literature eminating [sic] from them who will be ornaments to themselves, and preserve the name of their country from that oblivion which many nations that existed at the time of Columbus' discovery have experienced.

You will please accept my best wishes for your and family's welfare, and the prosperity of your country.

With pleasure I remain your sincere Friend.______________


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From the Boston Commercial Advertiser

Frigate CONSTITUTION, commonly called, 'OLD IRONSIDES,'- On the 4th inst. this favorite and fortunate ship came up and anchored off the Navy Yard. When off India wharf, she fired a national salute in honour [sic] of the day.

The return of this noble frigate to the place of her nativity, and on the 4th of July too, may be reckoned among the instances of good luck that has always attended her. She was launched from Hart's shipyard at the north end, in October 1797, and is consequently nearly thirty-one years old. The severe labor that attended her birth which was only effected at the third trial, was seized upon by the enemies of a navy as prophetic of ill luck! With how little reason, her brilliant career has fully demonstrated. We may safely challenge the annals of naval history, to name the ship that has done so much to fill the measure of her country's glory. She sailed on her first cruise on Sunday, the 22d of July, under the command of Captain Samuel Nicholson, and returned about the middle of November. This was during the brief war with the French Republic. We notice the appointment of Isaac Hull as her fourth Liutenant [sic]. In May of 1803, Commodore Preble was appointed in her command, and in June he sailed with the squadron for the mediterranean [sic], destined to act against Tripoli. To all conversant with this scene of war, it is well known that the Constitution acted a conspicuous part, in fact bore the brunt of the battle. After the destruction of the Philadelphia of 44 guns, she was for a long time the only frigate on the station, and being ably seconded by the smaller vessels with the gallant Decatur, did more to humble the pride of the barbary states, than all christendom ever did before or since.

In short, such a variety of service and perilous adventures has never been achieved by any single vessel.- She soon after returned home, where she remained unemployed, or nearly so, till the commencement of the late war with Great Britain. This was on the 18th of June, 1812. On the 12th July she left the Chesapeake for New York, and on the 17th discovered and was chased by a British squadron consisting of the Africa 64, and four frigates, for three days and three nights. She escaped at last by skilful [sic] management, and arrived in Boston harbour [sic] on the 26 of July. This was one of the most brilliant exploits of the war. After remaining a few days in port she sailed again, ' on the 19th of August fell in with , and after an engagement of thirty minutes, captured H. B. M. frigate Guerriere of 49 guns, and 362 men. After burning her, Captain Hull returned again to Boston on the 30th August, and soon gave up the command to Captain William Bainbridge, who with the same crew shortly after sailed on another cruise to South America, where on the 29th December of the same year, after and engagement of about two hours, she captured H. B. M. ship Java of forty-nine guns, and upwards of four hundred men. This was one of the severest contests of the war. The Java was likewise burned, and the Constitution returned again to Boston. In June, 1813, Captain Charles Stewart was appointed to her command, and on the 30th of December, she proceeded to sea notwithstanding Boston was blockaded by seven ships of war. She returned on the 4th of April, 1814, and was chased to Marblehead by two of the enemy's heavy frigates, La Nymphe and Juno. About the middle of December, 1814 she proceeded on her second cruise under Captain Stewart, on the 28th of February, off Maderia, after an action of forty minutes, she captured H. B. M. ships Cyane of 34; Levant of 21 guns, and upwards of 300 men. The Cyane arrived safe and now forms a part of our navy; but the Levant was recaptured. The Constitution herself was chased by a squadron under Sir George Collier, consisting of the Leander and New Castle of 50 guns each, and the Acasta of 44.- Her usual good fortune however attended her, and she arrived safe in the United States. Peace had now been proclaimed, and she remained, unemployed again, we believe with single exception, until the cruise from which she has just returned, after an absence of more than 3 years, the details of which have not yet transpired.

She is now to undergo all necessary repairs, and in the first emergency will forthwith be ready to serve her country. About seven years since she was hove out and completely examined at the Navy Yard in Charlestown, when her timbers 'c. were in remarkable good order-a fact which after twenty-five years wear and tear and hard service redounds not a little to the credit of the old fashioned mechanics of Boston.

In her actions with the Guerrier and Java, the Constitution mounted 54 guns, and 53 when engaged with the Cyane and Levant. Her loss in the action with the Guerriere was, killed and wounded 14; with the Java, 34; and with the Cyane and Levant, 15 more-total, 62. The Guerriere's loss, killed, wounded, and missing, was 103; the Java's 161; the Cyane's 38; the Levant's 32-total, 341, or in the proportion of five and a half to one. The prisoners were nearly one thousand.