ARTICLE I: GENERAL REGULATIONS
SECTION 1. By approval of the Western Carolina University Board of Trustees under authority
of North Carolina Statute 116-44.4, the provisions of Western Carolina University
Parking and Traffic Regulations shall apply to the operators of all vehicles, whether
public or private, and these rules and regulations shall be in force twenty-four (24)
hours a day, except as herein provided. It shall be unlawful for any operator to violate
any of the provisions of these rules and regulations, except as otherwise permitted
in the regulations or by the General Statutes of North Carolina .
SECTION 2. The operator of any vehicle shall obey the lawful instructions of any officer and
of any official traffic sign or control device applicable thereto placed in accordance
with the provisions of these regulations, unless otherwise directed by an officer.
These regulations are in force whether or not specific traffic signs are used. The
responsibility of finding a legal parking space rests with the motor vehicle operator.
Lack of space is not considered an excuse for violation of any parking regulation.
The Director of Parking & Transportation shall be responsible for causing the signs,
signals, and marking necessary to implement these regulations to be erected, established,
SECTION 3. No person shall without lawful authority attempt to or in fact, alter, deface, injure,
knock down, or removal of any official traffic or parking control sign or device or
any inscription, shield, or insignia thereon or any other part thereof. Violators
will be subject to a $50 fine in addition to the cost of replacement and/or repair
of these signs.
SECTION 4. The Director of Parking & Transportation, in acting pursuant to the authority vested
in him by these regulations, shall exercise his discretion and authority in such a
manner as to accommodate the proper conduct of the necessary business of the University
and assure effective utilization and control of the available parking areas and facilities
on the campus for the maximum benefit of students, faculty, staff and visitors.
SECTION 5. The definitions of all terms used in these regulations shall be those provided in
Section 20-4.01 and other applicable sections of the General Statutes of North Carolina
insofar as they are provided. The meaning of other terms shall be as follows:
- ACADEMIC YEAR: The academic year begins in August at the opening of the fall semester and concludes
in August at the end of the Summer II semester. Regular day classes are scheduled
Monday through Friday. Night and Saturday classes, usually meeting once a week, are
available in Cullowhee, Asheville , Cherokee, and various other locations.
- CAMPUS: All property owned by or leased to Western Carolina University that includes property
owned by the Board of Trustees of the Endowment Fund of Western Carolina University.
- CHANCELLOR: The Chancellor of Western Carolina University .
- CROSSWALK: That portion of a roadway ordinarily included within the prolongations of connection
of the lateral lines of sidewalks at intersections, or any portion of a roadway distinctly
indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
- DIRECTOR OF PARKING AND TRANSPORTATION: That person designated by the Chancellor who shall be responsible for administering,
implementing, and enforcing the provisions of these regulations, except where another
person or persons is specified in the regulations.
- EMPLOYEE: Any Western Carolina University faculty or staff member regardless of whether the
employment is full- or part-time, or any employee of any contractor or vendor who
is contracted, licensed, or otherwise authorized to conduct business with the University.
This definition shall not include student workers or employees, graduate assistants,
or teaching assistants.
- FACULTY: The faculty shall consist of these persons who shall be approved by the Board of Trustees
of Western Carolina University for faculty status at the rank of instructor or above,
or as further provided by the Board of Governors of the University of North Carolina.
- HANDICAPPED SPACE: A parking space, including the access aisle designated for legally disabled persons.
Such vehicles must display either a handicapped license tag or nationally recognized
handicapped decal or placard.
- HANDICAP ACCESS: Those areas providing individuals with mobility disabilities access to sidewalks,
doorways, and buildings.
- INTERSECTIONS: The area embraced within the prolongation of the lateral curb lines or, if none,
then the lateral boundary lines of two or more highways, streets, or roadways crossing
- LOADING ZONE: A space designated for the VISIBLE loading and unloading of materials and other items
for a period of 30 minutes or less (unless otherwise stated). This is NOT a parking
- METERED PARKING: Metered Parking is pay parking provided throughout campus and is intended to be utilized
as short-term parking. It is available for students, faculty/staff, and visitors.
- NO PARKING ZONE: Areas that are crosshatched and/or identified by signs stating "No Parking."
- OPERATOR: The word "operator" as used in this article, shall mean and include every individual
who shall operate a vehicle as the owner thereof, or as the agent, employee, or permittee
of the owner, or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
- PARKING: The standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for
the purpose of and while visibly engaged in loading and unloading from a designated
- PARKING AREA: Any place or area set aside, marked, or intended for parking of vehicles, either
permanently or temporarily with lines on both sides of the vehicle, creating a parking
- RESERVED SPACE: Reserved spaces are spaces that have been reserved specifically for an individual
or department near their place of business. To reserve a space there is a fee charged
and approval is needed
- SERVICE VEHICLE: Any vehicle owned or leased by the University or other governmental entity or private
vendor conducting business with the University displaying an approved service permit.
- SERVICE VEHICLE SPACES: These are temporary, short-term spaces to load/unload service vehicles to perform
duties in a building or service area. This is NOT a parking space.
- SHORT-TERM PARKING: Parking for one hour or less or as designated by signage.
- SIDEWALK: All the property along or by any street, highway, or roadway which is intended for
pedestrian use and which lies between the curb line or lateral line of any street,
highway, or roadway and the line at which use of property for purposes other than
pedestrian traffic use begins.
- SPEED LIMIT: 20 miles per hour on campus roadways unless otherwise designated. 10 miles per hour
in parking lots.
- STAFF MEMBER: Administrative officers, clerical force, maintenance employees of the University
employed full or part-time.
- STOP: When required, means complete cessation of movement. When prohibited, means any stopping
of a vehicle except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance
with the directions of an officer or traffic control sign or signal.
- STREET, HIGHWAY, OR ROADWAY: The entire width of every way or place of whatever nature designated or marked by
proper authorities for vehicular traffic.
- STUDENT: A person registered for full or part-time academic study, including special students
on the undergraduate or graduate level other than staff members of the University.
- SUMMER SESSION: Sessions held during Summer in Cullowhee and Asheville. Includes credit, non-credit,
seminars, and workshops.
- UNIVERSITY: Unless otherwise provided, Western Carolina University.
- VEHICLE: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported
or drawn upon by a highway. For the purposes of the article, bicycles and mopeds shall
be deemed vehicles, and every rider of a bicycle on the campus shall be subject to
the provisions of the regulations governing traffic.
- VISITOR: Any individual not classified as faculty, staff, or student.
- WALK OR WALKWAY: A way designated for or marked by proper authorities for exclusive use of pedestrians
along a roadway or not.
ARTICLE II: REGISTRATION OF VEHICLES AND PARKING PERMITS
SECTION 1. The Chancellor will determine and control the categories of motorists required to
register vehicles pursuant to authority conferred by General Statutes 116-44.3.
SECTION 2. Every motorist desiring to park on campus is required to register with the WCU Parking
Operations Office all vehicles to be parked and to pay the parking permit fee(s).
No motorist may register or acquire a parking permit for a vehicle not owned by himself
or herself, his or her spouse, a parent, or a guardian. Every motorist must have proof
of ownership to register any vehicle on campus. Additionally, in accordance with North
Carolina general statutes, students are required to show proof of insurance. The Chancellor
shall have authority to establish the number of vehicles any motorist may register
and operate pursuant to these regulations.
SECTION 3. The Director of Parking & Transportation shall establish procedures for registration
of vehicles as an integral part of the University registration process. Registration
of vehicles shall be accomplished at the beginning of the fall semester of each year
within 48 hours of the first class, or in the case of a student who registers in the
University at a time other than the beginning of the Fall semester or an employee
who is employed at a time other than the beginning of the Fall semester, within 24
hours of the time the student first registers in the University and at the beginning
of the Fall semester thereafter. New employees may obtain a temporary permit at no
charge from the Department of Human Resources that is valid for a period not to exceed
SECTION 4. In the event that a vehicle is not owned by a student or an employee at the time
prescribed in the preceding section for the registration of vehicles, but is thereafter
acquired by a student or an employee, such vehicle shall be registered within 24 hours
following its acquisition.
SECTION 5. Upon application by the motorist and upon the payment of a parking permit fee, except
as herein provided, the WCU Parking Operations Office registering the vehicle shall
issue a serially numbered parking permit indicating that the holder thereof is a student
enrolled in or an employee of the University and the academic year for which the permit
is effective. The motorist's parking permit shall contain the proper zone designating
the areas on the campus of the University for which the person is entitled to park.
SECTION 6. The Director of Parking & Transportation is hereby directed to collect a vehicle
parking fee as established by the University from each motorist who registers a vehicle
for campus parking. Students attending the Spring semester or employees employed after
January 1 will be charged a pro rata fee for their parking permit. Any parking permit
purchased in the Fall for a full year may be returned for a refund of half the annual
cost if returned by January 31 of the subject academic year.”
SECTION 7. Parking permits must be displayed on the vehicle for which they are issued. The
permits are to be placed in the manner according to the instructions for displaying
permits. Individuals with special situations affecting normal display of a permit
may request a variance from this rule.
SECTION 8. The motorist to whom a vehicle parking permit is issued, as herein provided, shall
be responsible for all parking and traffic violations of the vehicle for which the
permit is used.
SECTION 9. A parking permit shall be valid only in the parking areas for which it is issued,
or as otherwise specified in these regulations.
NOTE: Resident freshmen must park in the freshman lots at all times.
SECTION 10. Temporary parking permits are available from the WCU Parking Operations Office at
a price of $10.00 per week.
SECTION 11. When a vehicle is traded, sold, or otherwise disposed of, retain your permit to be
used in other vehicles you have registered to park on campus property.
SECTION 12. In addition to other fees and fines, unauthorized possession of parking permit or
falsification of registration information may result in loss of parking privileges
for the remainder of the semester and referral to the Student Judicial Affairs Office
or the Human Resources Department for disciplinary action.
ARTICLE III: SPECIAL PARKING PERMITS
Motorists who require a temporary disability permit may apply at the local License
Plate Agency, 454 E Main Street, Sylva, NC (828-586-3886) or online here. When temporary disability permits are issued, students and employees must comply
with and are subject to all other provisions of these regulations. Employee or student
may park in spaces designated by the special permit. Disability spaces are designated
for disabled persons only. Vehicles must have a disability permit displayed on the
vehicle to park in a disability space.
ARTICLE IV: MULTIPLE VEHICLES
Owners of two or more automobiles may register all of their vehicles under the same
permit by paying the parking fee. Only one automobile may be brought on campus at
a time. The permit must be displayed on the vehicle that is parked on the campus.
The permit is to be displayed in accordance with the instruction for displaying the
permit. All vehicles for which the permit is to be used must be registered.
ARTICLE V: VIOLATIONS, ENFORCEMENT, PENALTIES, AND APPEALS
A. The following examples shall constitute violations of Parking and Traffic Regulations.
Unauthorized Possession of
a Parking Permit
Falsification of Permit Registration
Reproduction/Illegal Use of Parking Permit
(*) Plus revocation of campus parking privileges for the remainder of the semester.
Queuing - Blocking Traffic Lane (A line of vehicles or people awaiting their turn
to be attended to or proceed)
No Permit - No Registration
Parking Permit Not Properly Displayed
Parking in "No Parking" Zone
Parking in Unauthorized Area
Blocking/Unauthorized Use Of "Loading" Zone
Blocking Trash Pickup Areas
Blocking or Obstructing Traffic, Street,
Crosswalk, Sidewalk, Parking Space,
Building, or Another Vehicle
Parked Wrong Way on One Way Street or
Parked in the Wrong Side of Street or
Traffic Direction Lanes
Parking in Expired Metered or
Prohibited Parking on Grass
Mini Mall - Patron Parking Only
Failure To Park in Designated Parking Space
Unauthorized Parking in Handicapped Space
Unauthorized Use of Handicapped Placard
Failure Obey Traffic Sign or Officer
Obstructing a Handicapped Curb Cut or Access Area
Parking in a Barricaded Area
Parking in a Reserved Space
Moving Violation - Speeding, Failure to Stop At Stop Sign, Traffic Signal Violation, Etc.
Non-moving Violations, i.e., Seat Belt, Equipment Defect, Expired Tag
Operating a Vehicle Producing Loud Noise
Pedestrian Violation - Jaywalking
Operating Bicycle in Violation Of Traffic Rules
Skateboarding/Roller Skating Violation
Wheel Lock Fee
Moving, non-moving, loud noise, pedestrian, bicycle, and skateboard/roller skating
violations may also be violations of state law. It is left to the discretion of the
police officer as to whether a campus or state citation is issued.
If a motorist decides to use his or her personal vehicle for a university purpose
or function, such use does not grant the motorist any immunity from these rules.
1. Payment of Fines
2. Towing and Impoundment of Vehicles
The Director of Parking & Transportation may designate those areas on campus as wheel-lock
or tow areas.
Vehicles that are illegally parked, parked without a parking permit, or parked with
voided, canceled, or an illegal parking permit, or parked illegally in a wheel-lock
or tow area are subject to wheel-lock or towing. Towing, impoundment, and/or wheel-lock
fees will apply.
Generally, vehicles that are wheel-locked or impounded in the Police Department impound
lot will only be released during the hours of 8:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. Monday through
Friday. In verifiable emergency situations, the release of vehicles may be made at
other than the above stated hours by special arrangements with police officers on
duty. All fees and fines must be paid before a vehicle is released.
Any motorist whose vehicle is wheel-locked or towed may file an appeal in the same
manner as appealing a parking citation. The appeal shall be in writing and submitted
to the SGA Traffic Court (students) or the University Parking, Traffic, and Safety
Committee (all others).
Any motorist who appeals the towing of his or her vehicle and whose appeal is not
granted may appeal to the District Court [NCGS §116-44.4(i) (2)(c)].
C. Disciplinary Action
Faculty, staff, and students may appeal citations within seven days of receipt to
the proper appeals board. Students may appeal citations by using the online appeal form and staff members, SGA Traffic Court justices, and elected or appointed members of
the SGA executive staff, will appeal to the University Parking, Traffic and Safety
Committee. Appeals can be filed with the secretary of the committee at the Parking
Operations Office during regular business hours. Appeals that are received more than
seven days after issuance of a citation will be voided and will not be heard by the
Appeals Court or Committee.
download Faculty & Staff Appeal Form (PDF)
E. Habitual Offenders
A habitual offender is any motorist who receives three (3) or more parking and/or
university traffic citations within one semester. Parking and/or university traffic
citations that are successfully appealed are not counted.
Any motorist who is deemed a habitual offender shall have his or her parking privileges
revoked as follows:
After receiving the third parking and/or university traffic citation within one semester,
the motorist's parking permit shall be revoked for one week. The motorist may apply
for restoration of the parking permit at the end of the revocation period.
After receiving the sixth parking and/or university traffic citation within one semester,
the motorist's parking permit shall be revoked for two weeks. The motorist may apply
for restoration of the parking permit at the end of the revocation period. The motorist
shall be charged the full permit fee plus twenty-five dollars ($25.00) for the restoration
of the parking permit.
After receiving the ninth parking and/or university traffic citation within one semester,
the motorist's parking permit shall be revoked of three weeks. The motorist may not
apply for restoration of the parking permit until the end of the revocation period.
After receiving the twelfth parking and/or university traffic citation within one
semester, the motorist's parking permit shall be revoked for the remainder of the
semester or a period of four weeks during which classes are in session, whichever
is greater. The motorist may not apply for restoration of the parking permit until
the end of the semester in which the motorist is enrolled as a student, employed or
the four-week period, whichever applies.
Any motorist who parks his or her vehicle on campus during the revocation period is
subject to having his or her vehicle wheel-locked and/or towed. Wheel-lock and/or
towing fees shall be assessed to the motorist.
A motorist who continues parking his or her vehicle on campus after the revocation
period implies that he or she wishes to have his or her parking permit restored.
ARTICLE VI: SPECIAL EVENTS, EMERGENCIES, AND MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS
A. GAME DAY AND SPECIAL EVENTS
Parking for Special Events shall be in accordance with the University's Game Day and
Special Event Parking Policy.
When an emergency situation occurs, parking and traffic limitations may be imposed
by the Director of the Police Department as required by the conditions which prevail.
Vehicles will be required to yield the right-of-way to emergency situations and emergency
C. MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS
Construction or repair operations may require changes in traffic patterns or the redesignation
of parking areas. When such situations occur, the staff of the Police Department and/or
the Facilities Management Department will attempt to notify all faculty, students,
and staff through campus publications and media of the impending restrictions.
ARTICLE XII: PEDESTRIAN REGULATIONS
A. No pedestrian shall walk or remain on any street, roadway, alley, driveway, parking
lot, or parking area in such a careless, negligent, or willful manner so as to endanger
his or her safety or to constitute an unreasonable impediment to lawful vehicular
B. Pedestrian traffic shall abide by traffic and directional signs and signals and
shall adhere to all lawful directions of University employees.
ARTICLE VIII: DESIGNATED PARKING LOTS/AREAS
A. Faculty and Staff Parking Lots/Areas. These lots/areas are designated by signage
and/or yellow lines.
B. Unless otherwise designated, commuter parking permits will be allowed to park in
these areas from 5 p.m. to 7 a.m. Monday through Friday and 7am-11pm on Saturday and
C. Vehicles with a Faculty/Staff parking permit will be allowed to park in all zones
designated Faculty/Staff, Commuter, and Freshmen parking. Vehicles with a Faculty/Staff
parking permit will not be allowed to park in Upperclassman-R (resident hall) parking.
D. Reserved, handicapped, and other specially designated parking spaces/areas are
for certain individuals or vehicles and applicable regulations for these spaces are
enforced 24 hours a day. Spaces that are blocked off by traffic cones, barricades,
tape, or other barriers are reserved and not available for parking.
E. Upperclassmen-R Parking Lots/Areas. These lots/areas are designated by signage
and/or white lines. These areas are reserved for resident students with an Upperclassman-R
F. Vehicles with Upperclassmen-R parking permits will be allowed to park in all zones
designated Upperclassmen-R parking.
G. Commuter Parking Lots/Areas. These lots/areas are designated by signage and/or
H. Vehicles with a Commuter parking permit will be allowed to park in all zones designated
I. Vehicles with Faculty/Staff parking permits will be allowed to park in all zones
J. Vehicles with Freshmen parking permits will be allowed to park in zones designated
Freshmen parking and the South Baseball Field lot #8B.
K. Motorists with questions or issues regarding parking lots/areas should contact
the Parking Operations Office for assistance (828.227.7275). Office hours Monday through
Friday, 8:00am to 5:00pm.
L. All faculty/staff parking areas, reserved parking areas/spaces, handicapped parking
spaces, and fire lanes are designated as wheel-lock/tow zones for the purpose of enforcement.
The Director of Parking & Transportation is authorized to designate parking spaces
and areas as enforceable by wheel-lock or towing.
ARTICLE IX: MOPEDS, SKATEBOARDS, ROLLER BLADES, ROLLER SKATES, AND BICYCLES
Mopeds and bicycles are to be parked in a manner so as not to obstruct the movement
of pedestrians or interfere with the operation of mechanical or safety devices. However,
if a moped uses a space reserved for motorcycles or automobiles, it must be registered
for a parking permit. In case of theft and for the owner's protection, the Police
Department will register the mopeds and bicycles free of charge.
The use of skateboards, roller blades, or roller skates upon the streets and sidewalks
of campus is prohibited.
ARTICLE XI: DISABLED, ABANDONED, OR DERELICT VEHICLES
All motor vehicles that are disabled on campus for more than 24 hours are to be reported
to the Parking and Transportation Office at the start of the next business day. The
Parking and Transportation Office staff will provide instructions on how to address
this situation. Failure to follow instructions may results in the vehicle being cited,
wheel-locked, and/or towed. Disabled vehicles that are illegally parked or obstructing
roadways, traffic lanes, sidewalks or other avenues of vehicular and/or pedestrian
traffic may be immediately towed at the registered owner's* expense.
* Registered owner means the person and/or lienholder to whom the vehicle is registered
either through the Department of Motor Vehicle records or Parking Operations Office
"Abandoned vehicle" means a motor vehicle that has remained illegally on the private
or public property for a period of more than 10 days without the consent of the owner
or person in control of the property. [§20-137.7(1)]
"Derelict vehicle" is a vehicle:
a. that has an expired registration and the registered and legal owner no longer resides
at the address listed on the last certificate of registration on record with the North
Carolina Department of Transportation;
b. that has major parts removed so as to render the vehicle inoperable and incapable
of passing inspections as
required by existing standards;
c. that have the manufacturer's serial plates, vehicle identification numbers, license
plate numbers, and any other means of identification removed so as to nullify efforts
to locate or identify the registered and legal owner;
d. for which the registered and legal owner of record disclaims ownership or releases
his/her rights thereto; or
e. for which the vehicle is more than twelve years old and does not bear a current
license as required by the Department of Motor Vehicles.
When an abandoned or derelict motor vehicle is found on campus, the Parking Operations
Office shall dispose of it in accordance with North Carolina general statute §20-137.10.
ARTICLE XII: DESIGNATION OF SPACES
While signage is posted in many areas of campus to designate parking spaces, the use
of colored lines also serves to designate parking spaces. The following colors designate
the type of parking space/area.
TIME LIMITED OR RESTRICTED BY METER
WHITE OR YELLOW AS DESIGNATED BY SIGNAGE
The Director of Parking and Transportation reserves the right to add or change colors
for space designation.
Special Reserved spaces are designated by signage. Time Limited spaces are designed
by signage or parking meters.