The enterprising Cherokees spoken of in the following description of the civilization of Western Indians, were all brought up in this Nation and educated within a few years excepting Webber, who emigrated many years ago. If these men are civilized, then the Cherokees ought to be permitted to remain here, where it is the most proper place to civilize the rising generation.
From the Journal of Commerce.
THE INDIANS BEYOND THE ARKANSAS.- A letter from Major Hannum, sub-agent for the Quapaw Indians, which we find in the Arkansas Gazette, dated Pine Bluffs, May 27th, announces that a Supplementary treaty has been concluded between Mr. Schermerhorn, Commissioner on the part of the United States, and the Quapaw Indians residing in Jefferson County, (Arkansas) about 60 miles from Little Rock, by virtue of which they are to remove to the country fixed upon by the Government as the residence of the Indian tribes. From the same source, we learn that the conflicting boundaries of the territories allotted to the different tribes in that region, which had given rise to much uneasiness, have been adjusted to the satisfaction of all concerned.
The Indians, says the Major, are rapidly advancing to a state of civilization. Indeed, in many of their families you will find as much good economy and order, as is observed in a well regulated white family. They are giving up the chase, and turning their attention to the cultivation of the earth-a much more certain and sure method of procuring a support for their families, than to rely on the precarious chance of taking game.
The Indians have greatly improved their condition in moving West. They have a delightful country of good lands, with salines more than sufficient to produce salt for the entire Indian population, and white population of the Arkansas Territory. There are six salt establishments now in operation in the Cherokee country, viz: Rogers' Brown's and Van's on the Neosho; and Webber's, Mackay's, ' Guess' on the Illinois. I have been informed that Governor Houston has a very valuable saline on the Neosho, which if put in complete operation, would produce an immense quantity of salt. It lies about 25 miles from Fort Gibson, has every advantage of water communication with the lower country.
The waters of the Neosho and Illinois are very transparent, and afford great quantities of the best kinds of fish. The country inhabited by the Choctaws, Creeks, Cherokees, Osages, Senecas, Kaskaskias, Piankashaws, Weas, Peorias, Shawnees, Kansas, and Delawares, with the country yet to be given to the Indians east of the Mississippi, is greater in extent, and comprise more land, than the States of New York, New Jersey, and all the Eastern States together.
The Indian boundary extends from longitude 17, west from the City of Washington, to longitude 23 or the 00th degree from London. The Choctaws have about sixteen millions acres of land; the Creeks about thirteen million acres of land, and the Cherokees about thirteen million five hundred thousand acres. The Osages have a country about fifty miles wide, and one hundred and fifty in extent. The Senecas have about one hundred thousand acres.