and Indians' Advocate
Wednesday, March 10, 1830
Vol. II, no. 47
Page 2, col. 3b-Page 3, col. 3a
Those who strenuously advocate the removal of the Cherokees to the west of the Mississippi, Col. M'Kenney and other agents of the Government in particular, have often repeated the unfounded assertion, as our readers very well know, that the full Cherokees are desirous of emigrating, but are kept back by the influence of the Chiefs, half-breeds and white men, whose interest it is to keep them where they are. Col. M'Kenney in his last report told the public that the government had sent off upwards of 600 Cherokees-this is a fine come-off indeed. Six hundred Cherokees! We know this to be intended as a blind-we knew there were some whites, some blacks, and many half-breeds, and so informed the public. But as an Indian cannot be a competent witness, we have probably not been believed. We now bring in a white man to testify.
From the Arkansas Gazette of Feb. 2d
The Steamboat Industry, Capt. Johnson arrived at this place, about noon, on Wednesday last having on board about 100 cabin and deck passengers principally emigrants to the Territory, and about 200 emigrating Cherokee Indians from the old nation who are on their way to the Cherokee country up the Arkansas. A few of these Cherokees have a little of the appearance of the Indian, but the principal part of them show no signs of retaining in their veins any portion of the aboriginal blood.
The Steamboat Waverly, Capt. Pennywit arrived here on Thursday morning last, from New Orleans, and departs in the afternoon of the same day, for Cantonment Gibson. She had nearly 100 cabin and deck passengers, mostly emigrants to the Territory, besides near 200 emigrating Cherokee Indians who are removing to the Cherokee country up the Arkansas. These people are called Cherokees, in consequence of their residing among and being intermarried with that nation, but we say very few among them who bore any resemblance to the Indian.
The Rev. E. S. Ely, D. D. editor of the Philadelphian, after copying from the Arkansas Gazette on Dec. 30, an account of a commencement of hostility between the Choctaws and the Osages, residing west of the Mississippi, occupies a column and a half of his paper, in advocating the policy, expediency, justice, and humanity of removing, colonizing and concentrating the different tribes of Indians west of Missouri and the Territory of Arkansas.- Whether any argument favorable to the removal of the Indians can be drawn from the circumstances narrated in the Gazette, is at least, a doubtful question, for it is well known that we have not Indian wars east of the Mississippi, but west of it they have plenty. Be that as it may, we give below another text for the Dr. to preach Indian emigration.
From the Arkansas Gazette.