and Indians' Advocate
Wednesday, March 3, 1830
Vol. II, no. 46
Page 2, col. 2a-4b
The following is from the Georgia Journal:
Cherokee Line:- We are informed that General Coffee's report on the Creek and Cherokee line, has reached Washington City. From the map accompanying it, and from what is understood to be the substance of the report itself, it appears that the true line should begin at the Shallow Ford on the Chattahoochy & follow circuitously on their ridge, a range of hills to Will's Creek. This line, it is understood, cuts off from the Cherokees, about one-third of the land believed by us to belong to Georgia under the treaty with the Creeks 1827. So that if it should be established, Georgia will lose about two-thirds of what we contend properly belongs to us, under that treaty. The evidence, in support of the position assumed by Georgia is so strong, that we are well satisfied she will not be content with any other line than that run by Colonel Wales.--Georgia Journal
Georgia says, and she will agree to no other, that the true line is as run by Col. Wales: Gen. Coffee does not think so, but supposes the line to run on the dividing ridge between the waters of the Hightower and Chatahoochee(sic) Rivers; the Cherokees contend that the only line ever amicably established and settled between them and the Creeks, (though their claim extended further down & was acknowledged by the other party,) is the one now in existence, from the Buzzard Roost to the mouth of Wills Creek. The Hon. J. C. Calhoun, then Secretary of War, supposed the true line to run considerably below the present one, throwing, at least part of Carrol County, on the Cherokee side. But we will give his own words from his instructions to the Commissioners who negotiated the treaty of the Indian Springs, on the 8th day of January, 1821.
"On consulting with the members from Georgia, I am of the impression that a cession from the Creeks of the northern portion of their territory, so as to admit of a white population between them and the Cherokees, would be preferred, which you will accordingly first propose and urge on them. In the event of their agreeing to such a proposition, it may be proper to observe that there is some uncertainty as to the true line between the Creeks and the Cherokees; and that after investigating the subject two years, in the presence of a delegation from both nations, it is believed that the claims of the Creeks do not justly extend north of a line drawn due west from the high shoal of the Appalachee.
Now who is right. The reader will please to recollect what we said at the commencement of this controversy--we expressly declared that no line as such was ever established between the Cherokee, and Creeks except the present one, we said further that the Cherokees had a better claim to the country south of this line than the Creeks north of it. So Mr. Calhoun thought, and his opinion, was impartially and deliberately made, after a candid investigation of the subject in presence of both the parties. If justice is done, no part of the land will be taken way from the Cherokees. If the declaration of the journal, that the state will not be content with any other line than that run by Col. Wales, be true we are only sorry that such a domineering spirit should be exhibited by a Christian people. Will she make herself judge, convict upon exparte evidence, pass sentence and execute? If so, let her do it.