and Indians' Advocate
Wednesday, February 24, 1830
Vol. II, no. 45
Page 2, col. 4a-Page 3, col. 1b
It has been frequently asserted by interested persons that the Cherokees are decreasing in numbers, and this is offered as an argument for their removal. The census in 1810 gave as the population of this nation 12395 Cherokees, 583 blacks, and 341 whites, total 13219. This was a correct census taken under the superintendence of the United States' agent Col. Meigs. Our population is not set down by the public functionaries of the United States, from what we have seen in the public documents and elsewhere, at 9,000 only, deducting probably 4219 for those who emigrated to Arkansas. If this statement were true, it would show that we are but stationary. But what is the fact? Here it is. In the year 1824 another census was taken by persons (among whom was the writer of this article) appointed by the general Council of this nation. According to that census, of the correctness of which there can be no reasonable doubt, the population was as follows: 6893 males-6900 females-1277 blacks-total 15060. Soon after, 500 Cherokees who were residing on reservation in the State of North Carolina removed into the nation, which made the total population, 15560. To this must be added the number of those who emigrated to the west of the Mississippi from 1810 to 1824. We will say 3,000 in order to be within the limits of truth. Here then we have 18560 for the year 1824; compare this with the population of 1810, viz. 13219, and you have means to ascertain whether the Cherokees are indeed decreasing or not.
What the population now is, we are unable to say, but this we know, the Cherokees since 1824, have been as rapidly increasing as at any former period. It was found lately that there was no difficulty in obtaining 4000 signatures ( including some lads under 18) to the Cherokee memorial to Congress.