and Indians' Advocate
Wednesday, December 30, 1829
Vol. II, no. 38
Page 2, col. 5a- Page 3, col. 1b
We have the unpleasant task to inform our readers that the Secretary of War has countermanded his late order for the removal of the intruders. What does the executive intend to do with us? To wear us out by degrees undoubtedly. It is too much to be treated thus when we have to bear continually the insufferable acts of abandoned white men, who are preying upon us. Where is the faith and justice of the nation, if treaties are thus to be disregarded merely because the state of Ga. has alleged an unfounded claim to a portion of our country. We repeat what we have heretofore said, if the state has any claim, let her first establish that claim upon equitable principles, not by such disgraceful proceedings which has characterized her conduct, in the meantime let intruders be kept at a distance. This would be justice, and we could have no complaint to make. But as the case now stands, we have serious apprehensions that we shall not be treated with justice. We do hope our apprehensions may be unfounded.- The Cherokees feel deeply on this subject, and they think they have reason to distrust the Government. Time will show.
We wish the reader to bear in mind, that the following is the fourth order from the War Department, relating to the present intruders-two for their removal, and both have been countermanded. Such a course of conduct would justly subject any individual to the charge of instability.
26th, Nov, 1829
SIR,- When you were directed forcibly to remove all intruders from the
Cherokee lands by the 15th of December, an expectation was had that General
Coffee might be able to make report to the Department, as to the title of the
country; and as to the dispute which prevails in regard to that subject-that
expectation now must fail, General Coffee cannot be heard from, and hence the
necessity of deferring the execution of the order for the present. The
commanding officer at Fort Mitchell has been instructed not to advance under
any order from you into the Cherokee Nation until he shall receive further orders.-
Urge on the settlers the necessity of retiring from the Indian lands to the
east side of the Chattahoochee River as a matter of justice to themselves, because
so soon as General Coffee's report shall be received and a decision had on it,
some immediate and definitive action may be expected to take place.- For the
present let any further step on your part be forborne--
JNO. H. EATON.
Col. Hugh Montgomery
Who is to make the decision, we know not. It must certainly be in favor of the Cherokees if it is decided agreeably to evidence. We have seen most of the statements of individuals of this nation, which have been collected by General Coffee, and they sustain the rights of the Cherokees strongly. They are not like the affidavits procured by Col. Wales, which are all hearsay- but they are to the point. Gen. Coffee has obtained the good will and respect of the people among whom he has travelled for his impartiality in the discharge of the duties entrusted to him.- His was unlike the conduct of the said, Wales, who we are informed, in his first interview with General Coffee, denied, in the presence of other persons, that he was an agent on the part of Georgia to collect evidence, but soon after dropped a line to the General, stating that he was. This is characteristic of Georgia proceedings in this unpleasant affair.