and Indians' Advocate
Wednesday, October 21, 1829
Vol. II, no. 28
Page 2, col. 2a
(The following title is not included in the original)
(From the National Intelligencer.
PRESENT CRISIS IN THE CONDITION OF THE AMERICAN INDIANS.)
SECOND TREATY OF TELLICO, OR SEVENTH NATIONAL COMPACT WITH THE CHEROKEES.
This instrument was executed "in the garrison of Tellico, on Cherokee ground." Oct. 24, 1804, by Daniel Smith and Return J. Meigs, for the United States, and ten Chiefs and Warriors for the Cherokees, in the presence of five witnesses.
The preamble says, that certain propositions were made by the Commissioners; that they were considered by the Chiefs; that the parties aforesaid have unanimously agreed and stipulated, as is definitely expressed in the following articles:"
Art. 1. "For the considerations hereinafter expressed.- the Cherokee nation relinquish and cede to the U.S. a tract, of land bounded &c. [This was a small tract, called Wafford's settlement, containing perhaps not more than 100,000 acres. It was a strip of the frontier between the Cherokees and Georgia.]
Art. 2. "In consideration of the relinquishment and cession, the United States, upon signing the present treaty," shall pay the Cherokees $5,000, in goods or money, at the option of the Cherokees, and $1,000 annually in addition to the previous annuities.
The treaty was ratified by President Jefferson and the Senate. The relinquishment and cession" are of the same nature, and carry with them the same implications, as have been described in preceding comments.