and Indians' Advocate
Wednesday, October 14, 1829
Vol. II, no. 27
Page 2, col. 3a
From the Georgian.
Extract of a letter from Arkansas, neighborhood of Cantonement [sic] Gibson, August 10.
"It may be pleasing to learn the passing events of this remote section of the Country, and there is none so much affecting the views of our government, and the interests of the Union, as the marching of a Cherokee force, 75 men strong, against the Pawnees of the Red River or Texas.
"The Chiefs opposed every possible obstacle to the organization and marching the force; but as there is no power vested in them by their laws, to prevent such occurrences, all their efforts were of non effect. Col. Arbuckle, the commanding officer at Cantonement Gibson, used all his personal influence in the character of remonstrance, and it was equally ineffectual. His orders were not of such character, as to authorize the application of effectual means; though the crisis would most certainly have justified it beyond all question of policy and justice. The vigilance and ability of Col. Arbuckle, prevented a single Creek from joining the Party, though they had been most pressingly solicited, by the leaders of the Cherokees and had attended some dances on the occasion.
"The Clermont band of Osages, reside about 75 miles from here, about 50 N. W. by W. of Fort or Cantonement [sic] Gibson. About the 4th inst. a war party from that band marched against the Pawnees of about 100 warriors; and some gentlemen directly from the Village on the 7th inst., say that a war party of 150 was to leave there to support the advance on the 8th, but owing to an incursion of the Pawnees to the Village, and their success in stealing about 80 Osage Horses, it has become a chace [sic], and, in all probability, they will be enabled to reclaim the Horses, (an Osage can run on foot 100 miles in 14 hours) Improbable as this may seem, I assure you it is true.- Some danger is apprehended, if the Cherokees and Osages should meet a distance from home, that they will make war. The Cherokees greatly dislike the Osages; and say that "Cherokee blood, yet smokes on the ground" A degree of turbulence of feeling exists here, that I had not anticipated and it will be no disadvantage to strengthen Fort Gibson, and give pretty full powers to the commanding Colonel, and I will warrant, that he will keep peace. But if the commanding officer has no power to arrest the evils, and this should become the seat of war, you may rest assured, that the Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, and Chickasaws would just as soon be exterminated by their white Father, as to be barbarously murdered by their red brothers the Pawnees or any other of the red family. "These considerations induced every exertion to stop the Cherokees, and keep extinguished even the sound of war."