and Indians' Advocate
Wednesday, September 23, 1829
Vol. II, no. 25
Page 2, col. 5c - Page 3, col. 1a
From the Galena Advertiser of July 27
About 150 Indians of this tribe, belonging to the Spotted Arms village band, on the east side of Rock River, started for Rock Island, for the purpose of attending the treaty, which was first appointed to be held at that place. After reaching Ogee's Ferry on Rock River, they learned that it was to be held at Prairie du Chien, at which they were so much displeased that they declined going any further, and, we are informed, they say they will not consent to or recognize any treaty.
We learn, by a gentleman who arrived here yesterday from Prairie du Chien, that there are at that place about 1700 Indians, consisting of Winnebagoes, Pottawatamies, and Sacs and Foxes. The two former nations each claim to be owners of the country for the purchase of which our Commissioners have convened them. Several talks have already been listened to by our Commissioners from them, in which they manifest their disposition to sell their country. There was some little difficulty between the two nations alluded to, arising out of the manner in which the $20,000 promised them at Green Bay last summer should be distributed among them. The Winnebagoes claim the full amount, because, they say, the Pottawatamies never owned any portion of this country, and consequently are not entitled to any portion of rents for it. The Pottawatamies claim ownership by virtue of title invested in them at some former treaty, in consideration of the country bordering on the Illinois River. So soon as this difficulty is settled, the purchase can be effected. What course will be adopted by our Commissioners to settle that point, or whether any adjustment can be made satisfactory to the contending parties, is at present unknown. We think, however, it will not be difficult to treat with the Indians, upon fair terms, if left to their own discretion, uninfluenced by interested white men.