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CHEROKEE PHOENIX AND INDIANS' ADVOCATE
Wednesday, July 8, 1829
Vol. II, no. 14
Page 2, col. 4a-
Page 3, col. 1a

OOKILLOKEE, C.N.
        2d. July, 1829

MR. BOUDINOTT,

 SIR,- The last number of the Cherokee Phoenix contains the following news to its readers  taken from the "Georgia Journal."- "The Cherokees are making extensive arrangement to go west of the Mississippi.  The whole of the Hicks family are going.  Charles Hicks, it will be remembered, was, previous to his death, the Head Chief, or King of the Nation" &c.  As a brother of the Head Chief, mentioned, and being one of the "whole of the Hicks family," stated to be in readiness to depart from this Nation to the west, I pronounce the above paragraph in regard to me, my sons, George, Eli, Jay and William Hicks, to be a gross slander.  My brother is mentioned in the Georgia papers as having filled his situation as Chief, "with great dignity, and credit."  How was this passing compliment, which is given by Georgia Editors, after his death, earned and achieved, among his people?  It was by his firm adherence in his country, and in the exercise of indefatigable perseverance to instruct his people in civil polity, and to open their hearts to receive Christian principles.

 My Great Father above has entrusted to my charge a large family of children, who are the object of my prayers, and whom it is my wish to raise "in the nurture and admonition of the Lord."  Hitherto I have had encouragement to hope, that my labor has not been in vain, and it would be now, the proof of folly to suppose me capable of deserting the cause of my Country, and its Christian and civil lights for those of savage and Pagan habits, to which my younger children would be liable-in the western wilds.  It is true indeed I have seen with pain a new doctrine advanced by Maj. Eaton, now Secretary or War, that our right to Government, which we have always retained, is inadmissable and that the U. States never guarantied the same to us in our treaties.  But I know this also, that the executive of the United States, at this time, have not spoken as arbiters of justice according to laws, but the language of Commissioners, in earnest negotiation for land.  When treaties or compacts are concluded it is done by one sovereign with another.  A Nation talks to a Nation.  How inconsistent, to say we have for these 46 years treated with you in our treaty making capacity, as granted us by the United States Constitution, not as a nation, but as subjects of Georgia.  Sir, you have not allowed Georgia in your constitution (I am addressing the U. S.) to declare war against the Cherokee Nation.  How then do you support the doctrine she has a right to subject us to her laws?  By power.  Is that you answer while your obligations by oath are recorded on you statutes & known in heaven?  I am still here, I have not yet heard the sound of drums, and trumpets, and cannon, to demolish and lay waste my house or the lives of my kindred; when I discover the exercise of these powers, then it will be the time to hide my dear charge, from the effects of that force, they had been taught to respect as their protection.

 I am, Sir, respectfully,
  WILLIAM HICKS, Sen.