and Indians' Advocate
Vol. II, no. 13
Wednesday, July 1, 1829
Page 2, col. 4a-Pg. 3 col. 2a
The Editor of the Milledgeville Recorder, elated by the "certainty of
obtaining at an early day": the lands now in the occupancy of the Cherokees,
directs the attention of the Georgians to the growing importance of the State.
If he is not deceived in regard to the certainty of obtaining the lands, he
is most egregiously mistaken in his calculations. He supposes the population
of the State will, in ten years, be double, and in twenty years tripled.
The Cherokee country is indeed "picturesque, beautiful and healthy," yet is
by no means calculated to support dense population, only about one sixth part
being fit for cultivation. If this territory was added to the State, Georgia
would not yet become the rival of New York, Pennsylvania, or even of Ohio.
She will have to overcome one great obstacle before she becomes a great state
Col. S. A. Wales has run the line said to be, but without the least shadow of truth, the true line between the Cherokees and Creeks. This is an instance of high-handed injustice. Shall a large part of our lands be forced from us, because we are weak and are unable to defend them? What has become of the treaties to which we have heretofore been accustomed to flee for shelter from the persecuting arm of Georgia? Will the United States permit her laws to be trampled upon in this manner? For to survey an Indian country without authority from the General Government, is made by the intercourse law a crime of some magnitude. Here is then the turning crisis. If the General Government looks on coolly, and indifferently, and permits the State of Georgia to wrest the lands in question from under our feet, we may give up all for lost, for most undoubtedly other claims, equally reasonable, in the view of men who are guided by power and not by justice, will be laid to the rest of our country, as the one now set forth. If it is the intention of the whites to devour us, we hope they will begin soon -- let us know the worst. If the United States intend to withdraw her protection, let us be apprized of it soon.
When we reflect upon the prospects of the Cherokees and their kindred tribes, and the methods and devices of interested white people to obtain their lands, we feel what is not in our power to express. We feel indignant at such arbitrary measures. We often ask ourselves if are we in the United States, the refuge of the oppressor -- the land of Christian light and liberty? -- Where is the superior excellence of republicanism? While we feel indignant at the persecuting civil power which would bear us down to the ground, we mourn for the apathy & indifference of the Christian community on the subject. How few are there who will venture to speak a word in our favour? For our part we think, if the public opinion is not for the Indians, we must fall in spite of laws and treaties, for the signs of the times convince us that laws and treaties will form no barrier to the cupidity of our white brothers. But will not justice be outraged? It will be an easy thing for the state of Georgia, whenever she shall think it necessary, to possess the country by force of arms -- even if she should be resisted, the poor Indians can easily be crushed to the dust; but a day will come when impartial justice must have its course.