Wednesday, Sept. 10, 1828
Last Wednesday, the Agent commenced his business at Coosewaytee. If he does not meet with a better success in other places, he will hardly make out a boat full of emigrants.
Western Carolinian a paper published in North Carolina talks as follows:-
'Our readers doubtless recollect the failure of the recent attempt by the commissioners, (Gens. Davidson and Gray, of this state, and General Cocke of Tennessee) to enter into negotiations with the Cherokee Indians; and that their indisposition to sell was ascribed to the influence which white men exercise in this Nation. Subsequent events have demonstrated that the affairs of the Cherokee Nation are wholly managed by the whites and half breeds.'
What are the subsequent events that has brought about this wonderful discovery? Why, reader, simply because 36 to 56 of our candidates for the General Council happened to have English names. This, with the wise editor of the Carolinian, is a complete demonstration that 'the affairs of the Cherokee Nation are wholly managed by the whites and half breeds.' Amongst the 56 were some half breeds, but not a single white man.
'At a called meeting of the citizens of Montgomery County, Ala. August 9th, 1828 to take into consideration measures for the more speedy acquiring for Alabama the Creek Indian Territory,' Mr. Moseley Baker, Editor of the Alabama Journal made a speech. The following short extract will afford a good specimen of his harangue.
They [Indians] themselves know not how to act: the God of their nature has not given them capacity to judge for themselves, save in chasing the wild buck of the forest. The Indian knows not the advantages that would attend a removal. Bound down by the iron mask of ignorance and savageness, he knows not how his state would be meliorated, nor cares not.- Indeed, sir, but very few know a treaty was ever made, or that one is desired; or if they have heard, they have no correct ideas concerning it.- No, sir, but very few should have the appellation of even Indian- they are something less; humanity will pardon me the expression: but, sir, their situation is more abject, more degraded, they are more ignorant, more debased, than the idea of Indian can convey.- As members of the human family, the sun of reason and light appears never to have shed his softening rays over them; they appear to have sunk into a lower state of ignorance and darkness than the dark, barbarous age of the Goths. They are a gang of roving gypsies: they have no homes, no country; they have no firesides; they have no monumental sepulchres [sic] as described by the advocates against their removal, but are wandering in droves throughout every part of our State, subsisting by the humanity of the inhabitants, or living by plundering them of their property.
New Echota, September 8, 1828
Sir: Enclosed you will find the constitution of the Methodist Tract Society of the Cherokee Nation; which you can publish in the Phoenix if you think proper. And hereafter I will furnish you with the proceedings of the Board of managers.
N. D. SCALES.
Of the Methodist Tract Society of the Cherokee Nation.- Adopted by said society on their organization, June 14th 1828 at Oougillogee.
Art. 1 This association shall be denominated the Methodist Tract Society of the Cherokee Nation, auxiliary to the tract society of the Methodist Episcopal Church.
Art. 2 The business of the society shall be conducted by a President and Vice-President, corresponding Secretary, Treasurer and five managers, to be chosen at the annual meeting.
Art. 3 It shall be the duty of the President, or in case of his absence the Vice President, or if both be absent, of a member chosen for the occasion, to take the chair, keep order and cause the business of the society to be transacted with propriety and despatch.
Art. 4 It shall be the duty of the Secretary to keep the minutes of the Board of managers and of the Society, conduct the correspondence and prepare the annual report.
Art. 5 It shall be the duty of the Treasurer to take charge of the funds of the Society, answer all orders on the Treasury by the Board of Managers, and render an annual account to them of his receipts and expenditures.
Art. 6. The Managers shall meet at such time and place as they may appoint for the transaction of business; they shall have power to adjourn their meetings at pleasure; and of their number three shall be a quorum.
Art. 7. Every annual subscriber paying twenty-five cents in advance shall be a member, and one dollar paid in advance, shall entitle them to membership for life. Each subscriber shall be entitled to Tracts to the value of one half their subscription. Ministers of the M. E. Church on the circuit or station, shall be considered ex officio members of the society, and all such preachers shall form or be considered a distributing committee for the purpose of distributing Tracts gratis, also to dispose of others to purchasers.
Art. 8. A place or places of deposit shall be fixed by the Managers, and a depositary appointed who shall deliver tracts according to the direction of the Board, he shall keep an accurate account of the different Tracts received, their number and description, he shall be accountable to the board of Managers, and report to them when required, and pay over the money received from the sale of tracts to the Treasure.
Art. 9. All moneys paid into the Treasury of this association after the necessary expenses are defrayed, shall be remitted to the Tract Society of the M. E. Church for the purchase of Tracts, to be distributed agreeably to this constitution.
Art. 10. The Secretary shall give official notice of the establishment and prospects of this association, together with such information as will be likely to effect its objects, and shall forward the annual report to the Parent Society.
JAMES I. TROTT, Pres't
Nicholas D. Scales, Sec'y.