Citation Rules

The use of credible sources adds professionalism and depth to your paper, but all sources must be cited to avoid plagiarism. Read below about required instances for citing a source and rules of conduct in the use of source materials.

Required Instances for Citing a Source

1. An original idea derived from a source, whether quoted or paraphrased.
2. Your summary of original ideas found in a source.
3. Factual information that is not common knowledge.
4. An exact wording copied from a source.

Rules of Conduct in Use of Source Materials

1. Acknowledge borrowed material by introducing the quotation or paraphrase with the name of the author. This practice serves to indicate where the borrowed materials begin.
2. Enclose all quoted materials within quotation marks. Paraphrased material must be rewritten into your own style and language. The simple rearrangement of sentence patterns is unacceptable. Do not alter the essential idea of the source. The best way to accomplish this task is to read the original, turn the material over or close the book, phrase the material in your own words, look at the original to check your rephrasing for accuracy, and record the page number of source.
3. Provide specific in-text documentation for each borrowed item.  For example, MLA style requires the name and page for all in-text references and APA style requires the name and publication date for all in-text materials. Requirements differ for other fields, so check with your instructor to see which style sheet is used by the discipline.
4. Provide a bibliography or reference entry for every source cited in the paper.


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